Eisenhower Institute News Latest news coverage for the Eisenhower Institute 2016 Jennings Randolph International Fellows announced by EI and the APWA http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=568c883b-f0da-48ef-9f37-d073a07b60bc&pageTitle=2016+Jennings+Randolph+International+Fellows+announced+by+EI+and+the+APWA http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=568c883b-f0da-48ef-9f37-d073a07b60bc&pageTitle=2016+Jennings+Randolph+International+Fellows+announced+by+EI+and+the+APWA

KANSAS CITY, MO. – The American Public Works Association (APWA), in association with the Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College (EI), announced today the 2016 Jennings Randolph International Fellows. The APWA Jennings Randolph International Fellows are accomplished public works professionals who have studied public works topics and projects internationally in association with APWA’s international partner organizations. APWA’s Jennings Randolph International Fellowship Program is a unique international study and professional exchange opportunity that promotes collaboration and sharing of public works best practices, knowledge, and innovation, both internationally and with public works colleagues in North America.

Chosen from a field of 18 applicants, the two 2016 APWA Jennings Randolph International Fellows will conduct public works study tours and make presentations at international partner associations’ annual membership meetings in Auckland, New Zealand and in Malmo¨, Sweden.

The APWA 2016 Jennings Randolph International Fellows include:

Bruce Kaplan, AICP, CTP, Manager, Transportation Systems Analysis Group, Central Transportation Planning Staff, Boston, MA

Kaplan will study the waterfront redevelopment experience of Auckland, New Zealand, specifically concerning its central rail terminal, the Britomart Transport Centre, to compare and contrast the waterfront renaissances in Boston and Auckland. He will make presentations at the Institute of Municipal Public Works Engineering (IPWEA) New Zealand Conference in June, 2016. He plans to meet with involved local agencies, such as the Auckland Council and Auckland Transport (MAXX), the contracted commuter rail operator (Transdev Auckland), national agencies such as the New Zealand Transport Agency and KiwiRail, as well as members of the P3 Consortium responsible for Britomart Transport’s management, maintenance and operation. In addition, he hopes to meet with Waterfront Auckland, the Council’s organization managing the waterfront redevelopment and Waterfront Plan. 

His goals for this study tour, in addition to the presentation and attendance at the IPWEA NZ Conference, are to acquire new perspectives, lessons learned, guidance, and knowledge about waterfront and rail terminal redevelopment to become better equipped to ensure the success of the South Station Expansion, a landmark public works project, in which he is involved, that will ultimately benefit not only Boston, New England and the Northeast, but all of North America.

Kaplan, a certified transportation planner (AICP CTP), has been involved in Massachusetts transportation planning since 1999. In his current position as the Transportation Systems Analysis Group Manager for the Central Transportation Planning Staff to the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization, he oversees a 6-person team involved in FTA New Starts studies, alternative analyses, transit studies, highway studies, transit-oriented development studies, and other planning and policy work for various Massachusetts agencies and communities.

Matt Rodrigues, P.E., ENV SP, Principal Engineer, Public Works Engineering, City of Eugene, OR

Rodrigues will conduct a public works study tour in Malmo¨, Sweden relating to Sweden’s implementation of the Vision Zero Initiative to eliminate transportation related fatalities and serious injuries. He will make a presentation at the Swedish Association of Municipal Engineers (SKT) Annual Conference in September, 2016. In addition, Rodrigues will extend his study tour to Copenhagen, Denmark to learn about Denmark’s Road Safety Action Plan, which is similar in goals and successes to Sweden’s Vision Zero Initiative.

Rodrigues’ study will highlight the topic of transportation safety, which is relevant to Eugene’s recent action to adopt a Vision Zero resolution in 2015, and other municipalities in the U.S. who are striving to adopt safe and accessible multi- modal transportation systems that provide attractive alternatives to single vehicle auto trips. The Vision Zero initiative is an acknowledgement that no transportation related loss of life is acceptable, and is a long term commitment to reducing fatalities and serious injuries, which the City of Eugene plans to focus on with efforts to provide a safe, efficient and effective, multi-modal transportation system within the region.

Rodrigues is a Civil Engineer and an Envision® Sustainability Professional (ENV SP) who has expertise in sustainable infrastructure design and construction. As Eugene’s Principal Civil Engineer, he manages a 17-member capital project management team delivering pavement preservation, pedestrian and bicycle, traffic signal and street lighting, parks and natural spaces, stormwater, wastewater conveyance and airport development projects. His work focuses on public works working with planning and development in the city’s comprehensive plan, the Climate Recovery Ordinance internal implementation team representing public works, the ADA Transition Plan for Public Rights-of-Way, and the Technical Review Committee for the city’s Transportation System Plan Update. He also is the lead drafter of the city’s Emergency Debris Management Plan. 

Wed, 10 Feb 2016 09:20:38 EST
Power Play – An Upcoming Panel from the EI Undergraduate Fellows http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=84512144-4d3f-495b-a612-3984bed10b1e&pageTitle=Power+Play+%E2%80%93+An+Upcoming+Panel+from+the+EI+Undergraduate+Fellows http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=84512144-4d3f-495b-a612-3984bed10b1e&pageTitle=Power+Play+%E2%80%93+An+Upcoming+Panel+from+the+EI+Undergraduate+Fellows

The Eisenhower Institute Undergraduate Fellows cordially invite you to our upcoming panel discussion. 

Tuesday, February 16, 2016 at 7:30 p.m.
Joseph Theatre, Breidenbaugh 201
Gettysburg College

Panelists include: 

  • Mark Szybist, Natural Resources Defense Council
  • Eric Hass, U.S. Department of Energy Geothermal Technologies Office
  • Nick Loris, The Heritage Foundation
  • Allyson Anderson Book, Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement at the Department of the Interior

In the fossil fuel-dependent society in which we live, the demand for oil as a commodity has had a drastic impact on the world’s social, economic, and political makeup. As a finite resource, the high demand for oil has caused our society to seek healthier alternatives. Natural gas, along with other alternative “clean” energy resources are rising in popularity, yet their reliability as practical energy sources is unclear. Do these resources have the potential to effectively diminish our world’s addiction to oil? Or is our dependence on oil too great to overcome?

Thu, 11 Feb 2016 07:43:19 EST
Roberts Fellows Symposium http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=cbdd469f-edf8-4823-8454-10b1b59708fa&pageTitle=Roberts+Fellows+Symposium http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=cbdd469f-edf8-4823-8454-10b1b59708fa&pageTitle=Roberts+Fellows+Symposium During the lunch hour in the Pennsylvania Hall Lyceum on Wednesday, February 3, 2016, the Roberts Fellows presented their current research for their Ph.D. theses to students and faculty at Gettysburg College.  The Eisenhower/Roberts Fellowship is awarded by the Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College annually to students in an advanced stage of their doctoral candidacies, with a focus on candidates pursuing topics on the role of government in a free society, citizen public service, public policy, and improved understanding of America’s role in world affairs.  Details regarding their riveting research topics were supplemented by discussion about post-graduate opportunities.

Roberts Fellows Diane Alexander, Simon Miles, Michael Poznansky and Andrew Taffer from Princeton University, the University of Texas at Austin, the University of Virginia, and Tufts Univserity, accordingly, were all incredibly enthusiastic panelists.  As Jeffrey Lauck, a sophomore at Gettysburg College, stated, “The Roberts Fellows Symposium was a great opportunity for students and faculty to get a taste of select post-graduate research projects.”  These projects ranged from the economics of heath, health care, and health care reform in the U.S., to U.S.-Soviet relations from 1980 to 1985, to secrecy and covert action as a tool for foreign policy, and finally, to the evolution of the maritime disputes in the South and East China seas. “It was informative learning from these four graduate school students who had been through the rigors of academia,” said junior Will Essigs.

The audience was eager to learn about what early on in their undergraduate life inspired them to research such invigorating projects.  As Ph.D. candidates in the height of their dissertation research, their advice was incredibly useful for undergraduate students.  Upon deciding which path to pursue, Simon Miles repeatedly stated, “Go where your interests and comparative advantage intersect, and find a space there.”  Similar to this, Diane Alexander stressed the importance of experience, saying, “It’s helpful to understand what you’re getting into.”  Key to his graduate experience, Michael Poznansky told students, was “Surrounding myself with advisors who are both harsh critics and supporters.”  Finally, Andrew Taffer proudly said, “I feel genuinely lucky to pursue a passion of mine,” and this statement is fundamental to the sentiment expressed in this symposium.

Reporting was contributed by Lynn Hatcher, a Junior at Gettysburg College and a journalist on the Eisenhower Institute Campus Communications team.

Tue, 09 Feb 2016 08:28:24 EST
SALTT Students Delve into the Origins of D-Day in January Sessions http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=c523e5ff-8099-4fc2-a2e8-f76089ed389c&pageTitle=SALTT+Students+Delve+into+the+Origins+of+D-Day+in+January+Sessions http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=c523e5ff-8099-4fc2-a2e8-f76089ed389c&pageTitle=SALTT+Students+Delve+into+the+Origins+of+D-Day+in+January+Sessions Throughout the year, the students of the Eisenhower Institute’s Strategy and Leadership in Transformational Times (SALTT) program have been studying the D-Day Normandy invasion under the direction of Susan Eisenhower. From January 13-16, these students had a chance to travel to the Army Heritage and Education Center (AHEC) in Carlisle, Pennsylvania and the National Defense University (NDU) in Washington, D.C.

At AHEC, students got a chance to see original planning documents for the Normandy invasion. Upon arrival, the participants received a tour of the facilities by US Army Colonel  (ret.) Leonard Fullenkamp, Professor of Military History and Strategy at the U.S Army War College, who will also be joining the SALTT group during their trip to Normandy in March. After the tour of AHEC, the students were welcomed into AHEC’s Special Collections Reading Room where the archivists gave students access to original plans and aerial surveillance photos from the D-Day operation. Many of the documents were emblazoned across their covers with “BIGOT”; meaning they received a classification above the typical “Top Secret.”

The four-day session also featured a trip to the National Defense University (NDU) in Washington D.C., where the students toured the grounds of the university and were given access to NDU’s Special Collections Library. The participants were able to thumb through an original copy of the COSSAC plan (Chief of Staff to the Supreme Allied Commander), which was the operation plan of Operation Neptune, the amphibious assault of the Normandy coast. The COSSAC plan and other Normandy planning documents gave students an appreciation for the extraordinary efforts that went into planning and executing a plan as complicated as the D-Day operation.

Perhaps the most memorable moment of the trip was when the group met with Lt. General (ret.) Richard G. Trefry, former Inspector General of the United States Army and member of the weather team in Greenland before, during, and after the invasion of Normandy. General Trefry and his wife invited the participants into their home for an intimate conversation regarding his involvement in D-Day. Throughout his time in Greenland, General Trefry was tasked with maintaining the weather balloons that gave General Eisenhower and his colleagues vital weather readings. He explained the location of the different weather stations throughout Greenland and how incredibly integral these were for determining the launch date of the invasion, again reminding each participant of the intricacies of such a massive plan. “General Trefry [is] one of the most devoted men I’ve had the pleasure of meeting,” said John Hacking ’16. “It was incredible to have the opportunity to speak with and get to know a man that had a hand in so much American history.”

The winter break sessions served as key preparation for the program’s trip to Normandy in March. While on the trip, the students will be able to see the beaches firsthand and have the chance to truly understand the integral role that strategy and leadership played in this historic operation.

Reporting was contributed by Taylor Beck, a Junior at Gettysburg College and a journalist on the Eisenhower Institute Campus Communications team.

Thu, 11 Feb 2016 07:34:25 EST
Ann Moran P'16 reflects on her daughter’s journey through Gettysburg College http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=84f89d12-a989-4cfb-a586-e7eeae419651&pageTitle=Ann+Moran+P%2716+reflects+on+her+daughter%E2%80%99s+journey+through+Gettysburg+College http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=84f89d12-a989-4cfb-a586-e7eeae419651&pageTitle=Ann+Moran+P%2716+reflects+on+her+daughter%E2%80%99s+journey+through+Gettysburg+College Nearly four years ago, we began our Gettysburg experience with the typical campus visit and follow-up admissions interview. To our good fortune, our daughter, Alexandra, was accepted as a member of the class of 2016. From that point on, the ordinary college experience became extraordinary.

When registering for classes for the first time, Alexandra was terribly disappointed to learn her top choice for a first-year seminar—“The Bush Administration: A Post 9/11 Response to Counter Terrorism Policies” taught by Prof. Shirley Anne Warshaw— was already filled to capacity. However, several days later, a fellow freshman posted that one seat had become available. This Political Science class, along with the mentorship of Prof. Warshaw, is what would ignite Alexandra’s passion for the field and guide her entire college career.

Soon she was involved with the Eisenhower Institute as a participant in “Inside Politics,” mentored by Mr. Kasey Pipes— biographer, historian, and speechwriter for President George W. Bush and others. This semester-long experience allowed Alexandra to meet and learn with top field experts and elected officials associated with her specific branch of study. At this point, my husband and I realized we had lost our daughter to Washington, D.C., and its political scene forever.

During her sophomore year, Alexandra traveled to both West Point and the Naval Academy for the SCUSA and NAFAC conferences respectively. Both conferences, highlighting the unique dynamic and interaction between civilian and military participants, explored challenging foreign policy issues and scenarios. Also in her second year, Alexandra took part in an independent study course and penned a forty-plus page narrative on US-Iran relations. This paper, a three-year endeavor, culminated in her participation in a program offered through the Center for the Study of the Presidency and the Congress in Washington, D.C.

As a prospective student back in 2012, Alexandra was confidently told that  “Gettysburg is majorly connected on the Hill.” She certainly found this to be true during her participation in Gettysburg College’s Washington Semester Program at American University. In addition to her classwork, Alexandra interned at the Federalist Society and learned daily that Gettysburgians do truly have a dominating presence in D.C. Another internship at the Republican National Committee furthered this understanding. She met alumni on the metro, at think tank sponsored policy debates, and while exploring the Capitol mall.  Similarly, she continued to run into students met at previous conferences and symposiums. This “circle of people,” all dedicated to their studies and careers, continues to resurface time and time again.

As parents, my husband John and I are absolutely thrilled with the exceptional educational experience provided by Gettysburg College. Certainly, Alexandra has worked diligently, but we realize the opportunities made available to her have been truly extraordinary. We recently witnessed Alexandra speak at the Metropolitan Club in Washington D.C. during a celebration honoring Mr. Fred Fielding and the launch of the Fielding Center for Presidential Leadership Study. We marveled as she calmly delivered her words with confidence and polish in a room filled with over 150 people. Later, when we conveyed our pride and amazement with her public speaking abilities, she simply said, “These are my people, I feel at home here.”

So now, as her senior year is reaching its end, and as we wait for Alexandra to cross through Penn Hall leaving the trusted tutelage of Gettysburg College’s fine faculty and staff, we are secure in the knowledge that she received an extraordinary education. She is prepared and excited and so very eager to put all her preparations into action. We know that as Alexandra pursues her career interests and dreams, she will always think of Gettysburg with pride and gratitude in her heart. As parents, we will, too. Our Gettysburg Class of 2016 flag, purchased on Alexandra's accepted students day, will proudly fly at our home for years to come!

Mon, 11 Jan 2016 04:06:38 EST
Inside Politics Symposium http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=5d9d8dfe-157f-4f29-ad8f-d4e885d3a430&pageTitle=Inside+Politics+Symposium http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=5d9d8dfe-157f-4f29-ad8f-d4e885d3a430&pageTitle=Inside+Politics+Symposium The Eisenhower Institute's Inside Politics program, a semester-long mentoring experience, welcomed a class of fifteen Gettysburg College students from diverse academic disciplines during Fall 2015. The Inside Politics program is led by Expert-in-Residence Kasey Pipes, a journalist, speechwriter, presidential historian, and the Eisenhower Institute’s Norris Fellow of Public Policy. A biographer and historian, Pipes has focused on President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s life and legacy over the course of his career.  Pipes uses Eisenhower's legacy to develop relationships with Inside Politics participants during discussions on leadership and communication.

During their trip to Washington, D.C. in October,  the Inside Politics program met with a multitude of public servants and policymakers, including lobbyists, Congressional staffers, and journalists.  Students had the opportunity to speak with experts in a variety of politically-oriented fields. Participants enjoyed engaging dinners with DC-based Gettysburg alumni, including Will Kinzel ‘96, Jamie Fleet ‘02, and Ryan Woodward ‘12. Alumni offered helpful networking and career advice - Anna Lusthoff '10, Deputy Director of Strategic Communications at the Chertoff Group, told participants to "own who you are" when pursuing a future career path. Jack Howard '79, Senior Vice President of Congressional and Public Affairs at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, emphasized the importance of integrity and humility, saying "To be successful, people must have a strong sense of themselves but also must not take themselves too seriously. Be a javelin catcher, not a javelin thrower.”

A visit to C-SPAN studios gave students a chance to discuss the upcoming presidential election with Steve Scully, the network's Senior Executive Producer and Political Editor. Scully spoke with Inside Politics participants about campaign strategy, stressing the importance of branding along with the right message, money, and organization, particularly at the grassroots level. Of campaigns, Scully's advise to potential future candidates is to “Run on who you are and let chips fall as they may.”

Over the course of three action-packed days, students had an "all-access pass" to the inner workings of Washington. Stewart Barber, Director of Federal Affairs at Corely Consulting, urged participants interested in working on Capitol Hill to embrace a hectic schedule, saying “The Hill is a culture; you get in early, you leave late, and you go out together.  You work as a team." Mark Salter, former top advisor to Senator John McCain, told students to be flexible, saying “Useful is the first step to becoming indispensable.  Be visible and ready for it.  Much of life is accidental.”

Pipes’ Inside Politics team met with over thirty political experts throughout the course of the semester. The program culminated in a symposium attended by Gettysburg College students, faculty, and family members, where participants presented on key findings from their research projects. At the beginning of the semester, each student chose an area of public policy to research, and crafted an executive memo that outlined their findings and recommendations. Participants consulted with experts they had met with in Washington to complete their projects after their return to campus. The Eisenhower Institute's Inside Politics program connects students to influential and experienced people who can expand their horizons, not only at Gettysburg  College, but far beyond into their future careers. 

Reporting was contributed by Lynn Hatcher, a Junior at Gettysburg College and a journalist on the Eisenhower Institute Campus Communications team.

Tue, 08 Dec 2015 05:05:26 EST
Eisenhower Institute Students Represent Gettysburg College at SCUSA http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=d6d27daf-8292-44f5-9e6d-b04c3402c412&pageTitle=Eisenhower+Institute+Students+Represent+Gettysburg+College+at+SCUSA http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=d6d27daf-8292-44f5-9e6d-b04c3402c412&pageTitle=Eisenhower+Institute+Students+Represent+Gettysburg+College+at+SCUSA On Wednesday, November 4, 2015, a three-person delegation of Gettysburg College students arrived at the United States Military Academy at West Point for the 67th annual Student Conference on U.S. Affairs (SCUSA). Kara Fitzgerald, Dan Cummings, and Jackie Beckwith represented Gettysburg College while working with over 280 other students from 124 schools and 26 countries.

West Point, located in the bluffs overlooking the Hudson River in upstate New York, is home to the United States Corps of Cadets. West Point is perhaps best known for its culture of strict discipline and high scholastic standards, as well as its famous classic architecture nestled within the stunning landscape. 

Jackie Beckwith reflected on her initial reflections on West Point, saying, “It was evident from the start of the trip how capable and intelligent the cadets are; West Point not only excels as a military institution but also as a place of leadership and scholarship. The respect, consideration and kindness we were shown throughout the conference was only topped by the many informed and open discussions about current events that were had both within and outside the confines of the conference.”

At SCUSA, cadets and civilians work side by side to bring different perspectives to a host of pressing foreign and public policy issues currently facing the United States. Conference participants are assigned to a specific topic, and each issue is addressed via multiple “round table discussions” featuring two policy experts, one cadet leader, and a mixture of undergraduate and graduate students from around the world. After participating in multiple discussions throughout the conference, each group produces a comprehensive brief regarding potential strategic U.S. responses to their assigned problem. In addition to almost nonstop conversations, students are immersed in West Point culture by eating in the mess hall, sleeping in the barracks, and are held to many of the same rules and restrictions as the cadets during their stay.

This year, the Gettysburg College delegation was involved in round table topics including “Democratization,” “Civil-Military Relations” and “Europe.” In reflecting on her round table experience, Kara Fitzgerald  concluded that “It was so amazing to hear the perspectives of students from colleges and universities across the nation regarding the democratization process in pivotal countries such as Tunisia, Egypt and Turkey. We produced a policy paper advising the promotion of democracy by the U.S. in tandem and interwoven with the promotion of equality, and I can only hope that the greater understanding of West Point and democratization, lasting friendships, and valuable networking connections I took away from the conference will result in better global governance down the road.”

Each night of the conference concluded with a panel of guest speakers addressing this year’s conference theme of “Confronting Inequality: Wealth, Rights and Power.” The first panel featured Lieutenant General H. R. McMaster, U.S. Agency for International Development Economic Advisor Wade Channell, professor and biologist Dr. Jerry Melillo, United Nations Population Fund Senior Advisor Dr. Azza Karam and professor of sociology Dr. Pamela Paxton. This year’s keynote address was delivered by former Secretary of State Madeline Albright, who served under President Bill Clinton from 1997 to 2001 and was a key player in many international crises. 

The conference concluded with a short presentation in Eisenhower Hall featuring the briefs that each round table constructed.  As stated by Dan Cummings '17, “Each table produced informative briefs from just four days of work. It was inspiring to see how students from all over the world worked together to solve pressing foreign policy questions while also sharing their life experiences and listening to others.”

Honoring the legacy of Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Eisenhower Institute is a distinguished center for leadership and public policy that prepares the successor generations to perfect the promise of the nation. A distinctive program of Gettysburg College with offices in the heart of the nation's capital and in the historic Gettysburg home once occupied by Dwight and Mamie Eisenhower, the Institute combines top-level dialogue among policy-makers with a premier learning experience for undergraduates.


Reporting was contributed by Jacqueline Beckwith and Audrey Bowler, Seniors at Gettysburg College.

Mon, 30 Nov 2015 07:54:03 EST
Eisenhower Institute Visits the UN Headquarters in New York City http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=4785fe84-12bd-45da-8972-405038019794&pageTitle=Eisenhower+Institute+Visits+the+UN+Headquarters+in+New+York+City http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=4785fe84-12bd-45da-8972-405038019794&pageTitle=Eisenhower+Institute+Visits+the+UN+Headquarters+in+New+York+City On Friday, November 6th, 2015, the Gettysburg College students from the Model United Nations club, International Affairs Association, and the Eisenhower Institute traveled to New York City to visit the United Nations Headquarters. With generous funding from the Eisenhower Institute, the Provost’s Office, and the Gettysburg College Student Senate, a group of 15 students with interests in diplomacy and global volunteerism had a backstage pass to the United Nations.

The trip was planned in part by Mariam Aghayan ‘17, a Political Science and Public Policy double major, and a Fellow at the newly founded Fielding Center of Presidential Leadership.

Picture: Gettysburg College students in front of the Permanent Mission of Armenia to the United Nations“I had the great honor to intern at the United Nations Headquarters this summer, as part of the Permanent Mission of Armenia,” said Aghayan. “During our trip, we had the incredible honor to meet with the Armenian Ambassador, His Excellency Mr. Zohrab Mnatsakanyan, learn more about what the United Nations does, and ask questions. We then walked over to the United Nations Headquarters, where the Armenian Delegation had provided us with guest passes for the United Nations, and upon being escorted into the building by the Armenian Adviser, Ani Poghosyan, we had the opportunity to tour the United Nations and have access that no official tour would provide.”

"Sitting in the rose garden, looking at a piece of the Berlin Wall, which sits next to the flying U.N. flag, made it obvious that the efforts of diplomacy we practice in Model U.N. have a purpose,” reflected Marley Dizney Swanson ’17, a Political Science and Public Policy double major.

The students met with the First Secretary of the Permanent Mission of Armenia, Mr. Sahak Sargsyan, and were able to walk into the Economic and  Social Council Chamber and get a glimpse of what negotiations look like. They spent time in the Security Council room and the General Assembly Hall, which seats all 193 U.N. member states.

As a special privilege, students had the opportunity to explore the floor of the General Assembly and to stand behind the podium where Prime Ministers, Presidents - and, most recently, Pope Francis - give speeches for an international audience.

“It was terrific that these people could give us the time of day and sit down and talk to us,” said Dirk Chao ’16, a Computer Science major.

“The Armenian Delegation was very warm and welcoming, and went above and beyond our expectations,” said Aghayan. “Meeting with such high-level career diplomats strengthened our understanding of international relations, politics, and diplomacy. We got an insider's view of what it is like to live the life of a diplomat and the great responsibilities that these diplomats have.”

See more pictures from the trip in the photo gallery below.

EI Visits the UN Headquarters in New York City
Wed, 02 Dec 2015 02:19:16 EST
Turning Off The Lights: A Inside Look Into United States Grid Security. http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=6e258978-91a6-4d01-861b-cfa5f15b6b83&pageTitle=Turning+Off+The+Lights%3A+A+Inside+Look+Into+United+States+Grid+Security. http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=6e258978-91a6-4d01-861b-cfa5f15b6b83&pageTitle=Turning+Off+The+Lights%3A+A+Inside+Look+Into+United+States+Grid+Security. On Tuesday, November 3rd, 2015, the Eisenhower Institute Undergraduate Fellows kicked off their series of panels on domestic and international energy policy. For a standing-room-only audience in Joseph Theatre, Eisenhower Institute Undergraduate Fellows Bethany Foxx  and Sarah Roessler welcomed Gettysburg College students, faculty, and community members to a panel discussion on the intersections of national security and energy policy.

Experts included Dan Dalton, Deputy Director of the National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Nuclear Threat Science within the NNSA Office of Counterterrorism and Counterproliferation; Kyle Simpson, a senior advisor focusing on energy legislation and regulatory policy at Hogan Lovells; Lewis Steinhoff, Director of Planning for the Office of Strategic Planning and Programming for the NNSA; and Robert Zitz, senior vice president and chief systems architect for national security at Leidos.

The lecture, titled “Blackout: Terrorists Turning Out the Lights on America,” focused on the evolution of energy policy from a national security perspective. “One of the biggest challenges today is understanding how important energy security is to the United States and to our partners and allies,” said Dan Dalton of the NNSA. “It really is something that we should all be highly concerned about. We should be focused on it in terms of how we vote. We should think about energy in terms of national security policy, it’s not just about oil and filling up the gas in your car, it’s actually much bigger than that.”

The relationship between energy and national security policy is often defined by counterterrorism strategies. The panelists discussed the evolution of energy security after 9/11 and the ways in which various agencies work together for counterterrorism purposes. “When we talk about energy security, that’s a very broad topic, said NNSA Director of Planning Lewis Steinhoff. “We’re talking about things that relate to terrorism, and what terrorists could possibly do to the energy grid.”

During the question-and-answer portion of the panel, experts explored possible solutions that could prevent terrorist attacks on energy resources in the future. “I was surprised to learn about the potential severity of terrorists gaining access to the power grid,” said Sarah Roessler, “And about how closely national security and energy are linked.” Bethany Foxx added: “It was great to have panelists that came from a variety of professional backgrounds, which made for an exciting overall discussion with diverse perspectives.”

Reporting was contributed by Audrey Bowler, a Senior at Gettysburg College, and the Lead Journalist on the Eisenhower Institutes Campus Communications Team.

Mon, 23 Nov 2015 01:47:29 EST
Check out the EI Minute on 91.1 WZBT http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=2ce69d0a-97b0-4c10-8e73-a66eb7442180&pageTitle=Check+out+the+EI+Minute+on+91.1+WZBT http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=2ce69d0a-97b0-4c10-8e73-a66eb7442180&pageTitle=Check+out+the+EI+Minute+on+91.1+WZBT Check out the EI Minute on Gettysburg Radio's 91.1 WZBT.

The segment was broadcased on November 13th 2015.

Also, check out the previous EI Minute which was broadcased on October 26th 2015

Tue, 24 Nov 2015 02:29:39 EST
Conor Barry ’16 and Rachel Haskins ’17 share experience as new Fielding Fellows http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=490da410-80cf-4bd4-9c7c-44ff97bb116f&pageTitle=Conor+Barry+%E2%80%9916+and+Rachel+Haskins+%E2%80%9917+share+experience+as+new+Fielding+Fellows http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=490da410-80cf-4bd4-9c7c-44ff97bb116f&pageTitle=Conor+Barry+%E2%80%9916+and+Rachel+Haskins+%E2%80%9917+share+experience+as+new+Fielding+Fellows What decisions does the president make on a daily basis? What leadership qualities are a must for the role? What impact does one person have on an entire administration? On history?

The new Fielding Fellows Program, launched in September by the Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College, will give students the opportunity to explore and study some of these questions. The fellowship is a part of the newly established Fielding Center for Presidential Leadership Study named after Fred Fielding ’61.

Rachel Haskins ’17 and Conor Barry ’16 are two of the seven students selected as members of the first cohort of Fielding Fellows. The Fielding Fellowship was a natural choice for Haskins and Barry, whose academic interests both focus on how tough decisions are made inside the White House.

Both Haskins and Barry were chosen to speak at a conference in early October titled, “The Middle East and Islamic World: Past, Present, and Future.” The conference allowed Haskins and Barry to showcase some of their independent research from the last semesters. Haskins spoke about the foreign policy apparatus in place during both the Bush and Obama administrations, focusing on the ways in which U.S. foreign policy contributed to the rise of ISIS. Barry discussed the legality of targeted killing and examined the domestic and international laws that the United States cites to conduct targeted killing policies.

Learn more about their experiences below.

Gaining professional experience

Haskins, a Political Science major with minors in Religious Studies and Middle East and Islamic Studies, tailors the experiences she has with the Fielding Fellowship to fit her interest in foreign policy in the Middle East— particularly by focusing on the political ramifications of presidential policy abroad.

Rachel Haskins ’17Working with Mr. Fielding and interacting with former and current senior executive branch officials can be intimidating, but Haskins said she sees this as an opportunity to expand both her academic and professional interests.

“Academically, it’s providing really good experiences to draw upon. You have a primary source right in front of you. And I think that’s so much more valuable than anything a book or journal could give you,” Haskins said. “I’ve learned a lot about how to conduct myself and how to be comfortable in situations with professionals.”

An important part of the experience for Haskins is learning how she can use this new knowledge and apply it to her academic interest in the Middle East. She will spend this spring semester abroad in Israel studying the Israeli and coalition governments.

In a country where politics are inextricably tied to religious thought, Haskins intends to examine the fascinating interplay between government and ideology. “As a predominantly Jewish state, does it matter if you’re from a different party or does your idea of national security come from defending the Jewish Homeland?”

Learning to give back

Conor Barry ’16For Conor Barry, the Fielding Fellowship is helping him learn about the different ways he can give back to his country.

Like Haskins, Barry is a Political Science major with a strong interest in national security. In the summer of 2014, Barry interned with the House of Representatives Committee on Homeland Security. He spent the spring of his junior year conducting independent research on the legality of the United States’s policy of targeted killing abroad. This past summer, Barry did research for Gettysburg alum, Keith Masback, ’87, the president of the United States Geointelligence Foundation. This semester, Conor travels to Washington D.C. three days a week to intern with the Committee on Foreign Affairs.

Through the Fielding Fellowship experience, Barry hopes to learn about how he can connect the different experiences he’s had in a meaningful way.

“Part of this experience is learning about what we can do in the government,” he said. “We’ve had this education, we’ve had these unbelievable out-of-the-classroom experiences, so what are our options? I think by talking to Mr. Fielding and his colleagues, we really get an understanding of all that is out there.”

Wed, 28 Oct 2015 09:59:43 EDT
Resident Eisenhower Institute Expert offered insight at homecoming weekend lecture http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=1e86eb82-7ea9-4f9e-9ad3-1983e3df2888&pageTitle=Resident+Eisenhower+Institute+Expert+offered+insight+at+homecoming+weekend+lecture http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=1e86eb82-7ea9-4f9e-9ad3-1983e3df2888&pageTitle=Resident+Eisenhower+Institute+Expert+offered+insight+at+homecoming+weekend+lecture Resident Eisenhower Institute expert, Avi Melamed offered up his insight for a very informative homecoming weekend lecture. Melamed argued that there were three factors that are currently shaping the Middle East: the events that take place, intensifying of the widening/deepening rift between the Sunnis and Shiites, and the struggle of direction in Arab society.  

These three factors, Melamed stated are the cause of most of the tension within the region. In particular, Melamed discussed how the lack of direction in Arab society can ultimately be connected to the rise of ISIS. He made mention of the fact that the “growing collision between groups searching for the same niche” has resulted in these terrorist organizations going to extreme lengths to achieve their goals.

Melamed sets himself apart from many other Israeli analysts by offering up predictions for the future of the Middle East. One lecture attendee, Rachel Haskins said that, “even after spending a year in the Inside the Middle East program, I still learn something new every time I hear Avi speak. Obviously some of that is due to the fact that the region is always changing, but Avi has such a wide knowledge base that some new piece of information surfaces whenever he lectures.”

Avi believes that the Middle East is entering a crucial period of power restructuring. Perhaps if a new order of power is established the region will re-gain the stability it needs to remain prosperous.

Mon, 26 Oct 2015 04:54:41 EDT
VIDEO: Experts connect students with real world experience through EI http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=7ecd5d1a-bda0-4624-b672-639b589d1e10&pageTitle=VIDEO%3A+Experts+connect+students+with+real+world+experience+through+EI http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=7ecd5d1a-bda0-4624-b672-639b589d1e10&pageTitle=VIDEO%3A+Experts+connect+students+with+real+world+experience+through+EI Students participating in programs offered by The Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College have an all-access pass to the world’s leading experts in a variety of fields ranging from energy policy to the study of presidential leadership and Middle East affairs.

As just one example, participants in the Strategy and Leadership in Transformational Times program visit Normandy, France with Susan Eisenhower, the granddaughter of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, to learn more about D-Day from a strategy perspective. As another example, students interested in Middle East affairs travel to Israel and the surrounding areas with Avi Melamed, an expert on the current affairs of the Arab and Muslim world.  Other students meet with women leaders in Washington, D.C., tour manufacturing and power plants to learn more about energy policy, and meet with high profile public servants and policy makers to better understand the inner workings of American government.

For every interest, there’s a connection.

Learn more about several of these distinguished programs by watching the videos below:

Jennifer Donahue on Women in Leadership

Through the Women in Leadership program, students have the opportunity to connect with successful women in a variety of sectors and careers while also studying the intersection of gender and leadership issues.  Students make some of their first career connections and have the opportunity to better understand the complexities of what it means to be a leader today.

“In this world economy, every person has to take on leadership. They have to be the leaders of their own life, and they have to be leaders in their communities… they have to be people who bring truth and hope.”

Jennifer Donahue, Chamberlin Fellow of Public Policy

Susan Eisenhower on Strategy & Leadership in Transformational Times

Students spend the year analyzing impactful moments in history and the strategy behind leaders’ biggest decisions. In particular, they study the Allied invasion of Normandy—a critical moment that is considered the turning point of World War II.

“The Normandy subject really gives students an opportunity to see leadership in its most dramatic form: that is when there are a set of objectives that have to be met and there is no margin for error.”

Susan Eisenhower, chairman emeritus of The Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College.

Howard Ernst on Environmental Leadership

Students work with Ernst throughout the program to analyze issues of sustainability and how people—and policy—impact the environment. This semester the group will review industry-specific case studies, complete individual research projects on green practices, and visit sites such as Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Plant and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Solar Decathlon to make the learning tangible.

“We’re probably the only animal in the history of the world that’s grappling with this central question: whether or not our existence is compatible with the long-term health of the planet. For me, it is the public policy question of our lifetime. Can we achieve sustainability in some meaningful way or are we going to continue to march off the edge?”

 –Howard Ernst, Seiden-Levi Fellow of Public Policy

Avi Melamed on Inside the Middle East

The complexities of Middle East affairs require both close and expansive study. Melamed provides students with a broad view of the issues facing the Middle East today and helps them foster the analytical skills necessary to achieve understanding. The program culminates in an experiential learning trip to the Middle East.

“During the program the students are practicing themselves how to extract information from different sources, how to evaluate, how to apply intelligence and perspectives—they’re basically acting as intelligence operators or intelligence officials.”

Avi Melamed, Fellow of Intelligence and Middle East Affairs

Kasey Pipes on Inside Politics

The first established and longest running expert program, Inside Politics provides students with connections to Washington D.C. insiders and a forum to explore their own policy interests, culminating in a research symposium.

“It’s kind of an interesting idea to take people who maybe have studied political science in the classroom, take them to Washington and—if you will—study political art. We take undergraduates every semester from Gettysburg College, take them to Washington, use Eisenhower as an example, but also introduce them to the Washington of today.”

Kasey Pipes, Norris Fellow of Public Policy

Fri, 16 Oct 2015 12:07:38 EDT
Eisenhower Institute launches new center for the study of presidential leadership http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=32eeb84e-455c-4b1d-84ee-8ab9f66befbf&pageTitle=Eisenhower+Institute+launches+new+center+for+the+study+of+presidential+leadership http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=32eeb84e-455c-4b1d-84ee-8ab9f66befbf&pageTitle=Eisenhower+Institute+launches+new+center+for+the+study+of+presidential+leadership “Getting people excited and getting people to learn about the value of government service—that to me is so important,” said Fred Fielding ’61.

A Gettysburg alumnus, Fielding was honored last month for his public service at the launch of a center for presidential leadership study as part of The Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College.  Named the Fred F. Fielding Center for Presidential Leadership Study, the center will help students learn the value of government service and civic engagement through analyzing presidential administrations.

“I first learned of the following Plato quote when I was a student at Gettysburg: the penalty for wise men who decline to participate in their governance is to be ruled by unwise men,” said Fielding. “That’s the essence of what we’d like to get across to students so they understand the value and need of studying leadership not only as a historic event, but also in real life. Also, the need for civic engagement must be understood.”

Fielding—currently a law partner with Morgan Lewis & Bockius in Washington, D.C. and the chair of the Eisenhower Institute’s National Advisory Council—offers a unique perspective on White House leadership, gained from his service as Deputy Counsel to President Richard Nixon and later as White House Counsel to Presidents Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush. He also served on the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, more commonly known as the 9/11 Commission. Fielding brings years of experience, connections, and knowledge to Gettysburg, the Eisenhower Institute, and our students.

“Not many people know what Mr. Fielding has done—devoting his career to government and public service. It takes a lot, and it’s something to be commended,” said Conor Barry ’16, a member of the inaugural class of Fielding Fellows, the group of students who are part of the program.

“It’s been great to get to know this incredible figure who’s been so involved in a lot of American politics and government throughout the last 30 years. He’s kind of a grandfather figure – sharing his insights and the different things that he’s learned along the way."


Fielding’s breadth of experience is not to be outmatched by his humility.

“Quite frankly, I had a hard time hearing them being referred to as Fielding Fellows, named after me,” he said. “But once you meet these kids—this first class of fellows—it makes you very proud. They’re terrific.”

In addition to Fielding’s mentorship, The Fielding Center is led by Washington professionals and experts connected to the Eisenhower Institute, including Kasey Pipes, Norris Fellow of Public Policy; Richard Norton Smith, noted presidential historian; and Shirley Anne Warshaw, Harold G. Evans Chair of Eisenhower Leadership Studies, professor of political science at Gettysburg College.

“For many years, Fred F. Fielding has been an inspiration to our students. He has worked closely with numerous individual students and classes, offering invaluable career advice and insights into how Washington works,” said Warshaw. “His commitment to public service and civic engagement has been evident in every meeting that our students have had with him.”

Throughout the academic year, the Fielding Fellows will also have the opportunity to meet with the President’s Commission on White House Fellowships, visit presidential libraries, tour the White House, and network with presidential scholars, insiders, and public servants. At the same time, the Fellows will facilitate campus events to engage the general public in their studies. Every component of the program is designed to guide and shape their paths as our nation’s future leaders, elected officials, and public servants.

“We tasked the Fielding Fellows with telling us what they want to see,” said Fielding. “It’s been wonderful watching everything come together. This is an important milestone in Gettysburg College’s service to its students because it adds an additional dimension to what we offer. This is a very exciting time for the College and The Eisenhower Institute.”

Mon, 12 Oct 2015 11:34:33 EDT
EI Celebrates Eisenhower's Leadership with 125th Birthday Events http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=98b77636-0fc7-42be-8cf2-5bc14dbe7391&pageTitle=EI+Celebrates+Eisenhower%27s+Leadership+with+125th+Birthday+Events http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=98b77636-0fc7-42be-8cf2-5bc14dbe7391&pageTitle=EI+Celebrates+Eisenhower%27s+Leadership+with+125th+Birthday+Events “We still like Ike!” resounded across the Gettysburg College campus Saturday, September 26, 2015. It was a day to commemorate the life and uphold the legacy of Dwight D. Eisenhower. Men who had served Eisenhower under his two facets—Ike as “General” and as Ike as “President”—flew in from across the country in remembrance of their hero. The SHAEF (Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force) veterans, men who had been beside Eisenhower from D-Day through V-E day, were delighted to congregate in Gettysburg with so many who, like them, wanted to honor and remember Ike.  

On Friday, before the formal Ike 125 celebration, Susan Eisenhower, granddaughter of general and president Dwight D. Eisenhower, led the evening’s discussion. As EI’s Chairman Emeritus and the expert for the Eisenhower Institute’s Strategy and Leadership in Transformation Times (SALTT) program, Susan Eisenhower had her current and past participants join her in welcoming those who had served directly with Eisenhower in the war as a part of SHAEF. Some veterans had served in different facets of the European Theater, and others had been a part of the Pacific Theater of operations. These brave men spoke to students about their war experiences with great wisdom and sincere remembrance. 

EI Chairman Emeritus, Susan Eisenhower with SALTT participants and WWII Veterans.

EI Chairman Emeritus, Susan Eisenhower with SALTT participants and WWII Veterans.

On Saturday the day commenced with a welcome by Gettysburg College Provost Christopher J. Zappe, followed by a panel discussion introduced by Dr. Michael Birkner who serves as both a professor of history at Gettysburg College and on the Faculty Advisory Council for the Eisenhower Institute. As the moderator, Dr. Birkner led Dr. Daun van Ee and Dr. Louis Galambos, both co-editors of the Eisenhower papers, through a series of questions.  Each question was meant to generate responses that would tell the audience more about Eisenhower as a person.  Questions ranged from Ike in Europe, Ike in Washington, Ike and Patton, Ike’s “middle way,” and Ike in power.  Through their work, the two men knew Ike well, but they expressed that there was so much more to know about Eisenhower that was never revealed during his presidency. Reflecting this statement, Dr. Galambos stated “I really never got to know Ike, even after 26 years.” 

Dr. Duan van Ee, Gettysburg College Professor Dr. Michael Birkner and Dr. Louis Galambos

From left to right: Dr. Duan van Ee, Gettysburg College Professor Dr. Michael Birkner and Dr. Louis Galambos following a panel discussion centered on the Eisenhower papers.

Following the first panel, Dr. George A. Colburn, independent producer of history-based documentary programs for Starbright Media Corporation, showed a video retrospective detailing President Eisenhower’s life. After this fascinating engagement, Dr. Colburn announced to the audience that he is currently working on a film further honoring Ike during the 75th anniversary of D-Day called, “Ike the Soldier.

Susan Eisenhower honors SHAEF veteran Conley Andrews

Chairman Emeritus, Susan Eisenhower honors SHAEF veteran Conley Andrews at a luncheon as part of the Ike 125 Celebration.

Throughout the day, those in attendance were able to visit the “We All Liked Ike” and “Eisenhower in Focus” exhibits in the special collections room of Gettysburg College’s Musselman Library. These exhibits provided attendants of the celebration with a unique experience, as they were able to view artifacts relating to President Eisenhower’s life. Amongst the other events occurring at midday, another Dr. Colburn documentary named “From Warrior to President,” was aired in Joseph Theater.

In the afternoon, Dr. Yanek Mieczkowski, Professor of History at Dowling College, led a congregation of men, women, students and veterans through a journey about Eisenhower and the space race, based on his book, Eisenhower’s Sputnik Moment: The Race for Space and World Prestige. During his lecture, Dr. Mieczkowski revealed to the audience four aspects of Ike’s leadership—temper, order, national security, and balance—to describe Ike’s perspective of the Cold War and the space race as Commander in Chief. In essence, “Ike cautioned about projects that are purely prestige based and not a threat to national security.” Eisenhower was a “middle way” President who had the ability to not only address any threat to national security but also find balance in all his decision making strategies.


Anne, Mary Jean and Susan Eisenhower with CSPAN Senior Executive Producer, Steve Scully at the culmination of the Ike 125 celebration; the town hall forum celebrating Eisenhower leadership.

In culmination of the eventful day was the forum, “Ike 125 Town Hall: Eisenhower Leadership Then and Now.” Moderated by C-SPAN’s Senior Executive Producer, Political Editor, and Primary Host Steve Scully, the event was well anticipated. Anne Eisenhower, Mary Jean Eisenhower, and Susan Eisenhower premiered the event in a series of stories about their grandfather’s life and character. As Susan Eisenhower stated, he was “as big as life but twice as natural.” The three highly successful women reminisced on the life they had once known with their grandfather. The day had consisted of Ike in his leadership roles, but this was the moment where the audience truly got to feel Ike in his personal, familial role. Life lessons Ike exemplified included, as remarked: “he learned from his mistakes but he didn’t replay the tape.” Susan Eisenhower reflected upon the journey she took with her Strategy and Leadership in Transformation Times (SALTT) students to Normandy, France.  She said it was the moment where she finally realized the burden Eisenhower felt in sending these young men, these “kids,” to their deaths. Eisenhower had warned, “God help this country who doesn’t know the military as I do.” Finally, as a message to the student body of Gettysburg College that was in attendance, Susan Eisenhower revealed a quote that she believed Eisenhower would say to them if he were present: “Take your work seriously, but never yourself.”

The Eisenhower Institute was incredibly grateful to host the day’s events in honor of General and President Dwight D. Eisenhower. 

Reporting was contributed by Lynn Hatcher, a junior at Gettysburg College, and a Journalist on the Eisenhower Institute’s Campus Communications Team.

Mon, 12 Oct 2015 11:46:03 EDT
From one Political Science major to another http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=3860c17d-1fb7-455a-8924-085d8f296c53&pageTitle=From+one+Political+Science+major+to+another http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=3860c17d-1fb7-455a-8924-085d8f296c53&pageTitle=From+one+Political+Science+major+to+another For students who are part of the Eisenhower Institute (EI) at Gettysburg College, making connections and meeting the world’s movers and shakers is the norm. EI program assistant and Political Science major Natalie Young ’16 interviewed Jack Howard ’79—also a Political Science major and now senior vice president of the Congressional and Public Affairs Division at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.  ­

The two Gettysburgians talked about Howard’s time at Gettysburg and his career in government service, working under the presidencies of President George W. Bush and President George H.W. Bush as well as serving as senior adviser to Speakers Dennis Hastert and Newt Gingrich and former Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott.

Read below for the interview.


Natalie Young: What does your day-to-day schedule look like?

Jack Howard: It depends on any given day. Generally, Mondays are taken up with different meetings at the Hill office or in the headquarters. I will spend the better part of Monday explaining what bills are coming up, what bills are likely to pass, things we need to work on, and what other divisions of the Chamber I need help from to get the votes to pass legislation.

We just led a fight for the Trade Promotion Authority legislation, and that was really all hands on deck. My job was to stay on top of where the bill was, where the votes were, the problems with Members we were having, and then make recommendations to the people inside the Chamber about the strategies and tactics to get the votes to win.

Tuesday, the House and Senate are back in session and there may be meetings with different members of Congress on different issues. There may also be hearings on priorities related to the Chamber’s legislative priorities.  That’s the same thing for Wednesday and Thursday—sometimes I go back and forth between the House and Senate. I’ll also have different internal meetings, too, so I’ll also go back and forth to headquarters. There are also dinners to go to, different lunches and breakfasts. It really varies, but it’s usually focused on what’s happening on the Hill. By the end of the day Thursday, members have flown home, unless they’re in session over the weekend. So Friday is spent picking up the pieces, looking at the progress made or lost, and working on plans for the following week.

It’s hard to say there’s a pattern to it, but there is a rhythm. I learned a long time ago that you have got to stay flexible. You just never know what’s going to happen.


Y: How have your skills from Gettysburg College helped you in your career trajectory?

H: On the academic side of things, what I really took away from it was the ability to write well and also take a lot of information and synthesize it in a way that you can communicate. If you can write, communicate well, and work with others, you can go a long way.

I got a lot of value out of my fraternity experience—the leadership skills I learned I apply to this job on a daily basis. I had a couple of internships. We used to have what they call January term and a friend or two of mine and I decided to come to D.C. and intern for a couple of months. My junior year I had another internship and really got a sense of how the place works. I thought it was exciting and that it was work I’d enjoy doing, so after graduation I thought I’d try to get a job in D.C. So I’d say the fraternity and the internships were the high points of my college career.


Y: What were your most influential classes? Who were your most influential professors?

H: It’s hard to pick one—it’s kind of like having to pick your favorite kid. Prof. Joe Nyitray taught a class about presidential or congressional [topics]. He was a great professor—very enthusiastic, really knew his stuff, and liked to challenge his students. I’d say he was one who stood out the most because it was the area I was most interested in. The other one I’d have to say is Prof. Mike Birkner—he was just starting when I was a senior. I really enjoyed his classes and I’ve stayed in touch with him on and off over the years.


Y: What has been your most interesting professional experience you’ve had—what you’d do over again in a heartbeat?

Newt GingrichH: That’s a tough question. I am very fortunate to have worked for a lot of very exciting members. Trent Lott. Newt Gingrich. They’re really good people. Both Bushes.

I think the most consequential experience was probably working for Newt Gingrich when he led the Republican takeover in the House in 1994—that was pretty revolutionary. The Republicans had been in the minority for 40 years.  A lot of people thought House Republicans  were the permanent minority.  Newt didn’t, and a lot of things came together under his leadership. It shook this town to its core when Republicans took control of Congress. People were stunned; it was very exciting. I was a small part of his staff when he was Whip—there were five or six of us, and then we found ourselves working in the Speakers’ office driving a legislative agenda.

Working in the White House is a different kind of exciting. You get to see up close and personal how people are making decisions, and again, you realize people are just trying to do the right thing under an enormous amount of pressure every day. And the pressure never goes away. I was in the White House on September 11, 2001. Just watching the president having to rise to the occasion—you know, that’s a pretty remarkable thing.


Bush 43Y: What is your advice for up-and-coming Gettysburgians?

H: Study something you really like—that’s really the value of a liberal arts education. Study something that captures your imagination and that you like learning. Even if it’s not in a field you’ll pursue, you’ll have to carry that spark with you in whatever job you have. By the same token, make sure that by the time you finish you’re able to write well and communicate well—I don’t know what it’s like in other jobs, but I know in the D.C. community that ability will take you a long way.

Fri, 02 Oct 2015 11:50:04 EDT
Politics that pays it forward http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=9b270235-65f5-47b7-9dd7-b0ced8f3250e&pageTitle=Politics+that+pays+it+forward http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=9b270235-65f5-47b7-9dd7-b0ced8f3250e&pageTitle=Politics+that+pays+it+forward Ask what Justin Brower ’10 did today, and he’ll tell you he’s working on the Iran nuclear deal. It’s all in a day’s work, right?

Brower graduated with a degree in Political Science. In his junior and senior years at Gettysburg, he interned in Maryland Congressman C.A. Dutch Ruppersberger’s district office and is now part of his full-time staff in Washington D.C.  

“I think back now and I try to figure out if I envisioned myself on Capitol Hill,” he said. “I always knew I wanted to work for government because I believe that it can be an incredible tool to do a lot of good for a lot of people. My father’s a doctor, my mother’s a nurse—I wasn’t blessed with the mathematical aptitude required for medicine, so I had to find a different way to help people,” he joked.

Starting out, Brower worked primarily with constituents. Then, he started advising Congressman Ruppersberger on a portfolio of legislative issues ranging from animal rights to campaign finance reform and religion. Today, he primarily focuses on defense policy issues, and assists the congressman with his work on the House Appropriations Committee’s Subcommittee on Defense.

“Right now the focus is the vote on whether to approve or disapprove the Iran deal,” he said. “There’s an immense amount of information about every facet of the deal imaginable, so it takes a village to make sure everyone is informed enough to make the right decisions.”

At Gettysburg, Brower focused his studies on comparative politics and international relations—although he didn’t focus on American government, he said it’s these classes that shaped the way he thinks today.

“The Political Science major was a good major for me. It definitely taught me how to think critically about problems in government, the psychology behind people and how government can actually affect them,” he said. “The classes Prof. Yasemin Akbaba taught about international security and how ethnicity plays into conflict shaped the way I think about how government can help solve problems.”

Brower is originally from Baltimore and grew up in Cockeysville, Maryland.  He fell in love with the College after coming to Get Acquainted Day.

“My dad and I drove away from Gettysburg that day and I was 100% sure that’s where I wanted to go,” he said. “If I had to go back and do college all over again, I would go back and do it the same way. I would not change a single thing.”

Justin Brower ’10Brower was a member of the Sigma Nu fraternity and held various roles, including positions as the social chair and vice president. He said the experience influenced his development as a leader.

“Without the experiences I got from my fraternity, I wouldn’t be nearly as effective at my job as I am now,” he said. “As vice president, you have to bring together a lot of different pieces and put them together to help the house move towards a goal—and in a lot of ways what I do for the congressman is very similar. I have to put together a lot of different pieces of information and present them to him to help him accomplish his goals.”

What’s next for Brower?

He’s currently working towards his master’s degree in public management at Johns Hopkins University, and although the balance between working full-time and going to school is tenuous, what he’s learned has helped him in his current role and set the stage for future work.

“There are days when I think I’d love to be a chief of staff for a member of Congress, and there are other days when I think I’d love to run an embassy for the State Department,” he said. “I haven’t figured out which way it’s going to end up taking me yet, but I think I’m leaning towards going international because it will give me an interesting view on how U.S. interests can be used to help people globally.”

Justin Brower ’10]]>
Fri, 02 Oct 2015 11:58:56 EDT
A global Gettysburg http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=83213f0c-6fdc-4981-a34c-5a7d632348e5&pageTitle=A+global+Gettysburg http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=83213f0c-6fdc-4981-a34c-5a7d632348e5&pageTitle=A+global+Gettysburg Bowen Yang ’16 grew up in China and recalls seeing the U.S. Ambassador to Nepal, Julia Chang Bloch, speaking on a television broadcast when she was in high school. For some reason that moment stuck in her mind. She couldn’t know that a few years later she’d attend college in America, meet Bloch through the Eisenhower Institute (EI)’s Women in Leadership program, and have the opportunity to intern with the ambassador. The story is serendipitous, but Yang’s path is paved with far more than luck.

Bowen YangThe Psychology and International Affairs major is reflective and intentional about her experience, pursuing opportunities that inform her passion for social justice. She was originally drawn to Gettysburg after learning of its connection to the Civil War and seeing parallels in her Chinese town.

“My hometown, Xiangyang, saw many battles because of its significant geopolitical location in ancient Chinese history.  It’s a place with cultural depth: you feel like you’re not just living in the present, but also surrounded by the wisdom of people in the past,” she said of her decision to attend a college with historical ties.  “Most importantly, Gettysburg College provided me with enough financial aid to actually come and study in the United States.”

Yang participated in EI’s Women in Leadership program as a sophomore—they visited Washington D.C., where she had the opportunity to meet Bloch in person for the first time as part of a speaker series highlighting women leaders in different career sectors. Bloch was representative of the education sector.  In addition to serving as a former ambassador, she founded a nonprofit organization called US-China Education Trust (USCET), which promotes US-China relations through education and exchange for next generation leaders.

group“The visit to D.C. was really eye opening for me because college was my first time in the States—it helped me learn through a different lens,” said Yang. “It was also a great networking opportunity. I was not thinking of interning for Ambassador Bloch at that moment, but now looking back, everything just connected.”

After that learning experience, Yang kept in touch with Bloch as she continued to explore opportunities on campus.  She visited Alabama through the Center for Public Service (CPS) to learn more about civil rights, which fostered her own reflection on self-identity and developed her interest in exploring parallel issues related to Asian and Asian American communities. She later became an immersion trip coordinator and completed a Heston Summer Fellowship Experience. She also studied in Serbia. The experiences simmered, and new ideas took shape.

“When I was abroad, I looked back at my college experiences and kept thinking about how to develop a more personal understanding of social justice work,” said Yang. “I also had the continued curiosity to better understand the American society, but from looking at Asian and Asian American communities. So I thought about Ambassador Bloch and the U.S. China and Education Trust, about how it would be a good opportunity to gain insight and inspiration for the work.  EI really laid the foundation for me.”

This past summer, Yang helped lead all aspects of USCET’s summer institute for its Chinese Leaders in American Studies Fellows. The group visited historical locations around Gettysburg, Washington D.C., and Philadelphia to learn more about social justice and civil rights movements in America.

Bloch said Yang was integral to the program and serves as an example of what it means to excel in an increasingly globalized world.

“Bowen is committed to what she’s doing and had the courage to come to a totally new and different country without her parents to study in an environment not familiar to her. That takes deep conviction and courage,” said Bloch. “Bowen’s experience has been circular—she is an international student getting her degree at Gettysburg. She interned at USCET and helped guide our Chinese fellows through their stay in America—they had a marvelous time in part because Bowen knows the area and the school. This is a real life example of globalization.”

Bloch herself was born in China and moved to the United States before she turned 10. She attended the University of California, Berkeley, and pursued a master’s degree in government and Regional Studies (East Asia) from Harvard University. Her career began as a Peace Corps volunteer, followed a passion for public service, and culminated in her appointment as the first U.S. ambassador of Asian origin.

“I believe deeply in diplomacy and getting more women into the Foreign Service,” Bloch said. “When I was young, I had no role models, so I think it’s important for younger people to see somebody who looks like them serve in the positions to which they aspire.”

Her advice for young women aspiring to enter public service is to think about their potential, broaden their skills, believe in themselves, and be willing to take risks.

“The world today is so much more global than when I was young. If Americans do not gain broader cross cultural skills and language skills, then I do not think we will be able to compete very well in this world,” said Bloch. “And if the U.S. relinquishes its leadership role, then I think the world will be a less peaceful and prosperous place. So, America must continue to lead, and Americans must do what we can to be global citizens.”

Yang said her global experiences have contributed to her personal growth. In the process, she developed the ability to think critically outside the boundaries of her own background, and to communicate and connect with others from different cultures. A senior, she’s also already thinking about applying those skills in her life post-Gettysburg.

“I want to work and do some fellowships first before going to graduate school. I have a broad variety of interests—art, social justice, U.S.-China relations,” she said. “I want to see how some of those interests can apply to the real world, just how my interest in U.S.-China relations played out through this internship. But I believe that whatever I choose, Gettysburg has prepared me.”

Thu, 01 Oct 2015 09:01:18 EDT
German Delegation visits EI’s DC Offices http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=f6798045-7ecd-4796-afe1-2f7896319a73&pageTitle=German+Delegation+visits+EI%E2%80%99s+DC+Offices http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=f6798045-7ecd-4796-afe1-2f7896319a73&pageTitle=German+Delegation+visits+EI%E2%80%99s+DC+Offices Last week, the Eisenhower Institute in Washington, D.C. hosted a delegation from the European Academy of Bavaria. The group of fifteen mid and senior career professionals were in Washington D.C. for a one week introduction to American politics, law, and society.

The delegation met with Gettysburg alumnus Mike Russell ‘80. Mr. Russell gave the group a brief overview of the American political system, and then reviewed specific moments in American history. This provided a forum to compare and contrast what they had learned in Germany about American politics. For some in the group, this was their first visit to the United States.

Though the group consisted of professionals, they were interested in the programming that the Eisenhower Institute provides for students. They briefly discussed each program, and could appreciate the effort to provide authentic experiences outside of a conference room.

Reporting was contributed by Rachel Haskins, a junior at Gettysburg College, a Fielding Fellow, and a Journalist on the Eisenhower Institute’s Campus Communications Team.

Wed, 23 Sep 2015 06:15:20 EDT
Fielding Fellows Present Paper with Dr. Warshaw in California http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=d894cd56-e366-415b-b7cc-7a07e6363446&pageTitle=Fielding+Fellows+Present+Paper+with+Dr.+Warshaw+in+California http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=d894cd56-e366-415b-b7cc-7a07e6363446&pageTitle=Fielding+Fellows+Present+Paper+with+Dr.+Warshaw+in+California Last week, Dr. Shirley Anne Warshaw, Harold G. Evans Chair of Eisenhower Leadership Studies, attended the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association to present her paper The Struggle to Govern in the Obama White House: How Internal Clashes Led to Dysfunction. The conference took place in San Francisco, and Dr. Warshaw was accompanied by two of her research assistants, senior Jacqueline Beckwith and junior Rachel Haskins. Jacqueline and Rachel are listed as co-authors of the paper along with junior William Essigs. All three students are also Fielding Fellows. 

Jacqueline and Rachel are part of a five-student research team that spent the last two years working under Dr. Warshaw. They collected massive amounts of data on the staff of the Obama Administration and were deeply involved in the writing of the paper. Throughout the summer the research team spent hours working with Dr. Warshaw and editing draft after draft, making sure each fact was correct and each chart was accurate. In preparation for the conference, Jacqueline and Rachel practiced the presentation with Dr. Warshaw for several hours each day.

At the conference, Jacqueline and Rachel were in the minority as undergraduate students. The other members of the panel were scholars, but after their extensive preparation Jacqueline and Rachel felt more than able to discuss their material in a knowledgeable way. Jacqueline said of the experience, “Dr. Warshaw’s presentation was successful, and the majority of questions from the audience were directed to her. As research assistants we really felt that we had done our job in helping produce a product of which we were all proud. The conference was a great experience for us as undergraduate students, and spending two days in San Francisco wasn’t so bad either!”


Reporting was contributed by Rachel Haskins, a junior at Gettysburg College, a Fielding Fellow, and a Journalist on the Eisenhower Institute’s Campus Communications Team.

Tue, 15 Sep 2015 09:22:22 EDT