Eisenhower Institute News Latest news coverage for the Eisenhower Institute Inside the Middle East Expert Avi Melamed Releases New Book http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=c285742d-dd64-4522-9d2e-9ec150494213&pageTitle=Inside+the+Middle+East+Expert+Avi+Melamed+Releases+New+Book http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=c285742d-dd64-4522-9d2e-9ec150494213&pageTitle=Inside+the+Middle+East+Expert+Avi+Melamed+Releases+New+Book Avi Melamed is the Fellow of Intelligence and Middle East Affairs at the Eisenhower Institute. 

A former Israeli Intelligence Official and Senior Official on Arab Affairs, Avi spearheads the Inside the Middle East program to ensure that the next generation in positions of influence will be more knowledgeable about Israel and the Middle East and will apply methods of critical thinking regarding Middle East Affairs. 

In his upcoming book, Inside the Middle East: Making Sense of the Most Dangerous and Complicated Place on Earth, Avi explores and simplifies the complex history and dynamics of this volatile region and provides analysis, insights, and predictions for its future.

The following synopsis is shared on his blog:

Acclaimed Israeli intelligence analyst Avi Melamed has spent more than thirty years interpreting Middle East affairs. His long-awaited Inside the Middle East challenges widely-accepted perceptions and provides a gripping and uniquely enlightening guide to make sense of the events unfolding in the region. How did the Arab world get to this point, what is currently happening, what will the ramifications be, what actions must immediately be undertaken – and what can you do? 

Melamed considers all the major power players within the Middle East, explains the underlying issues, and creates a three dimensional picture of the complex tapestry of the Middle East, an illustration which connects the dots and provides a fascinating roadmap revealing what you need to know to predict the future of the most complicated region on earth.

Inside The Middle East

He elucidates the dramatic events and developments in the Middle East such as the story behind the Arab spring, the downfall of the Muslim Brotherhood, the rise of ISIS, the epic Sunni-Shi’ite animosity, the essence of the war in Syria, the role of the Caliphate and Jihad, the consequences of the Iranian nuclear project and the looming Middle East nuclear arms race – and he shares the untold story of the battles and struggles that will shape the face of the Middle East – and the world – for decades to come. 

Avi has been immersed in the Arab world for decades and has a rare understanding of the region. Through Inside the Middle East you have the extraordinary opportunity to take an unappalled journey deep into the mind and psyche of Arab society. Look at reality through the lens of political and thought leaders as well as the most ruthless terrorists. Enter the head, hearts and minds terror groups like Al-Qaeda, Hamas, Hezbollah, ISIS, Islamic Jihad – how they see the world, what makes them tick, what they want, how Western countries need to respond, and how and why Israel must stand its ground.

Melamed also shares his predictions of what’s to come, because, amazingly, he has a history of being spot-on. With his lifetime of on-the-ground experience in Arab communities throughout the Middle East he has a rare awareness that citizens of the world need to understand – the significance of unfolding events, what you haven’t been told, what’s going on behind the scenes, how the west’s perception of the Middle East developed – why it is often inaccurate, what is the risk of the misguided understanding, what’s the secret to fixing it, what can you do to decode the region, what to demand of your politicians, whom to support and whom to decry.

The conflicts in the Middle East grow more dangerous and more confusing every day and they won’t simply go away. This unique and comprehensive volume will challenge your perceptions, shake you to the core, force you to re-valuate your outlook, make you question what you really know, and give you tips to navigate the future.

This is a long-awaited insider view from one of the world’s best interpreters of the Middle East. Inside the Middle East is a new outlook, a milestone in our understanding of the region, an eye-opening read – one of the most significant books of our lifetime which will impact the discourse regarding the Middle East.

You can read reviews and order your own copy of Inside the Middle East on Amazon.

Congratulations, Avi! Thank you for all that you and Maia do for The Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College!

Thu, 05 May 2016 03:48:07 EDT
Four years, 1361 days, millions of moments http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=44e44667-2f65-44f7-a2c3-fcd649765b4b&pageTitle=Four+years%2C+1361+days%2C+millions+of+moments http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=44e44667-2f65-44f7-a2c3-fcd649765b4b&pageTitle=Four+years%2C+1361+days%2C+millions+of+moments Editor’s Note: Ashley Fernandez ’16 is a current participant in EI’s Inside the Middle East program.

Four years, 1361 days, millions of moments

Ashley Fernandez ’16 reflects on her Gettysburg journey

“What Gettysburg has taught me to do is live in the moment and experience all that is around—even when there are mishaps. I’ve learned to soak it all in, take a challenge head on, not back down, and act immediately,” said Ashley Fernandez ’16.

With graduation only a few weeks away, many seniors are being asked to reflect about their time at Gettysburg. Students look back at the past four years desperately trying to understand how their first year became their second, then their third, and finally their last.

It’s impossible to remember all of the late-night conversations with your roommates, the hours spent in the library during finals weeks, the Springfest concerts, or even the dozens of chocolate chip Servo cookies. But what students are left with are specific moments, moments filled with memories—the familiar sights, sounds, and smells of Gettysburg College—that transcend the residence halls and classrooms.

For Ashley Fernandez ’16, her Gettysburg story is best told as a collection of remarkable moments that together make up her undergraduate experience.

Ashley Fernandez '16A Political Science and Public Policy double major, Fernandez has certainly made the most of her four years at Gettysburg. She has been involved with the Black Student Union, the Latin American Student Association, Gettysburg African Student Association, the Eisenhower Institute, and the Admissions Office. But when asked to reflect on her Gettysburg experience, Fernandez first remembers the people and the moments that changed her life.

Fernandez was in the midst of a two-week college tour when she first visited Gettysburg. With so many college visits in so little time, Fernandez found it difficult to distinguish one impressive school from another. But there was something special about Gettysburg, something that set it apart from other campuses she explored.

“Gettysburg College stood out to me because of my tour guide. He talked about the different types of diversity on campus and how it impacted his experience at Gettysburg,” said Fernandez. “He talked about his time in an authentic, genuine manner, and I really appreciated this transparency. That tour made my college decision easy.”

Thankful for the gift this tour guide gave her, Fernandez decided to pay it forward. She now works as the multi-cultural coordinator with the Admissions Office, overseeing all of the overnight visits for students from different backgrounds.

After moving all of her things into her new room in Stine Hall, Fernandez embarked on her Gettysburg journey. Her first year was—like it is for many—an exciting time. New faces, new classrooms, a new home. So much change is enough to intimidate any student, but Fernandez credits her First-Year seminar course with giving her the confidence she needed to succeed at Gettysburg.

“I took The Bush Administration: Approach to the War on Terror, Torture, and Prisoners of War with Prof. Warshaw during my first semester. It is by far one of the most exciting classes I have ever taken,” she said. “We spent a lot of time looking at different institutions and identifying problems, and this ultimately helped spark my interest in the Political Science major.”

The rest of her first year was spent making new friends, getting involved on campus, and exploring the different academic departments at Gettysburg. What was once a strange, unfamiliar campus became a home that Fernandez began to love.

She specifically remembers Get Acquainted Day and talking to prospective students about the Gettysburg College community. Fernandez was almost done with her first year and was excited to share what she’d learned.

“I was able to articulate why I chose Gettysburg, why I loved it, why it was the right school for me, and why it can be the right school for them, too,” she said. “I could understand their nervousness but I could also tell them that everything was going to be okay. In fact, if they chose Gettysburg, it was going to be a really fun ride.”

Fernandez’s Gettysburg ride took a whole new turn during the spring of her junior year when she decided to spend a semester abroad in Morocco. Leaving behind everything and everyone she had come to know and love at Gettysburg, Fernandez embarked on a whole new journey—one that came with its own set of challenges and rewards.

“My host family encouraged me to take advantage of all the different places, food, and opportunities. We spoke no English in the house because they wanted me to learn the language so badly. I found that their enthusiasm helped me. I had to learn to be comfortable with embarrassing myself.”

And while challenging at times, Fernandez was thankful for her Gettysburg education—an education that helped her navigate the difficult situations she faced abroad.

“Gettysburg taught to me trust my instincts, and this was so important in Morocco. The lack of familiarity was the hardest part—if something was going on and there were no instructions being given, I didn’t always know what to do. I had to trust what I knew.”

Ashley Fernandez '16Upon her return to Gettysburg in the fall, Fernandez began to identify ways in which the Gettysburg community could grow. Together with the Black Student Union and the Latin American Student’s Association, Fernandez organized a Town Hall meeting to discuss issues of diversity and the racial climate at Gettysburg. Adhering to her initial goal of improving the College community, Fernandez and her peers set out to start an open and honest dialogue about inclusion on our campus.

“We have a community that’s willing to listen—listen and reflect critically about different aspects that make up our campus,” said Fernandez. “Being able to talk about it in such a free and open space was really empowering.”

Thousands of members from the Gettysburg community attended the meeting and many more watched the live stream coverage from across campus.

“We were very intentional with how we structured this meeting—from the language we used to the issues we covered,” she said. “We wanted to make sure we capitalized on this moment so students of all backgrounds can feel like they can be proud of their Gettysburg community.”

It is this community of friends, faculty, and mentors that Fernandez will miss most after graduation this May.

“Our community, for such a small place, our community is amazing,” said Fernandez. “Gettysburg College has a spirit about it, and it’s contagious. It makes you want to be a better person. It makes you want to keep exploring and experiencing new adventures.”

Ashley Fernandez '16And that is exactly what Fernandez plans to do. After graduation she is traveling to Israel as part of the Inside Middle East Program with the Eisenhower Institute. When she returns, Fernandez will start her job as a recruiting consultant with the global recruiting firm, SThree. Fernandez will work in their financial branch, Huxley Associates.

To learn more about Fernandez’s Gettysburg experience, watch her speech from the Gettysburg Great Campaign Event in New York City:

Thu, 05 May 2016 03:11:22 EDT
Fielding Fellows visit the George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=8083bef1-8df7-4166-9f3f-1e077c0d7384&pageTitle=Fielding+Fellows+visit+the+George+W.+Bush+Presidential+Library+and+Museum http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=8083bef1-8df7-4166-9f3f-1e077c0d7384&pageTitle=Fielding+Fellows+visit+the+George+W.+Bush+Presidential+Library+and+Museum On April 1st, 2016, the Fellows from the Fielding Center for Presidential Leadership Study visited the George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum at Southern Methodist University. The Fellows were accompanied by Mr. Fred F. Fielding ’61, who served on the 9/11 Commission and as White House Counsel to George W. Bush during the last two years his Administration. Dr. Shirley Anne Warshaw, Harold G. Evans Chair of Presidential Leadership Studies, Kasey Pipes, Norris Fellow of Public Policy, and Jeffrey Blavatt ‘88, Executive Director of the Eisenhower Institute, also joined the group in Dallas.

The Fielding Fellows reviewed White House documents, met with former administration staffers, and toured the museum at the library. Last fall, the Fellows visited the John F. Kennedy Library in Boston, but this trip had the added value of Mr. Fielding’s first-hand White House experience. Jackie Beckwith ’16 stated, “As undergraduate students it is remarkable to have a mentor who is a literal representation of living history and I know we all are looking forward to doing more research at other presidential libraries after our trip to Dallas."

Kennedy Space Station

After reviewing primary documents inside of the library’s secure National Archives facility, the Fellows discussed the materials they had studied with Mr. Fielding and Dr. Shirley Anne Warshaw. Included in the debrief was a discussion of the process by which President Bush made appointments to the Supreme Court. Fellow Rachel Haskins ‘17 reflected, “Learning more about President Bush’s Supreme Court nominations was particularly exciting considering the current vacancy on the Supreme Court.”

The Fellows had the opportunity to meet with Alan C. Lowe, the Director of the George W. Bush Presidential Library. Drawing from more than a decade of experience, Mr. Lowe explained the inner workings of the National Archives Presidential Libraries System.  The meeting with Mr. Lowe included a conversation inside of the reconstructed “White House Situation Room” which Mr. Fielding frequented during his tenure in the White House. Speaking about the Situation Room meeting, Beckwith explained, “We all looked to Mr. Fielding as he broadly detailed a few of the decisions he and President Bush actually discussed in the real Situation Room. Safe to say it was quite a surreal - but exciting - experience." 

In keeping with the Fielding Center’s mission to educate Fellows on the value of public service, Kevin Sullivan, former Assistant to the President for Communications, took time to speak with to the group. Mr. Sullivan chronicled his journey from a career in the private sector, including Senior Vice-President for Corp. Communication & Media Relations at NBC Universal, to the Bush Administration. Mr. Sullivan explained how he had come to appreciate the value of Public Service and answered career-related questions for the Fellows.

Kennedy Space Station

The Fellows also had a lunch meeting with Tobi Young, General Counsel for the George W. Bush Presidential Center and President Bush’s designated Presidential Records Act representative. Before moving to Texas in 2009 to work for the Bush Foundation, Young served as special assistant to the President and associate counsel in the Office of the White House Counsel. Ms. Young discussed working under Mr. Fielding at the White House and remarked upon the similarities between herself and the Fielding Fellows – that she, too, had been mentored by Mr. Fielding and how appreciative she was for that opportunity.

The Fielding Fellows appreciated the hospitality and warm welcome provided by the George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum, its staff, and Southern Methodist University.  We are most appreciative of Mr. Fielding and his continued mentorship and commitment to the Fielding Center for Presidential Leadership Study.


Article written by Will Essigs ’17, a political science major and a Fellow at the Fielding Center for Presidential Leadership Study.

Sun, 24 Apr 2016 10:19:09 EDT
Undergraduate Fellows Are Go for Launch http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=9c078eb2-cb76-4e6d-a4d8-2d0326afb96d&pageTitle=Undergraduate+Fellows+Are+Go+for+Launch http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=9c078eb2-cb76-4e6d-a4d8-2d0326afb96d&pageTitle=Undergraduate+Fellows+Are+Go+for+Launch EI Undergraduate Fellows study energy and space policy during visit to Kennedy Space Center


The Eisenhower Institute Undergraduate Fellows and Professor Shirley Anne Warshaw, Harold G. Evans Chair of Leadership Studies, traveled to Cape Canaveral, Florida from Monday, March 21 to Wednesday, March 23 to visit the Kennedy Space Center to connect their study of energy policy to the amount and types of energy resources that are required to launch spacecraft. Their visit included a tour of NASA facilities and to witness a launch to the International Space Station (ISS).

Kennedy Space Station

The first day in Florida, the fellows had the opportunity to visit the launch pad where the United Launch Alliance Atlas V 401 rocket would launch Orbital ATK’s Cyngnus spacecraft 36 hours later. The unmanned spacecraft contained supplies for the ISS and is part of the commercial resupply services contract. This mission, OA-6, is the fifth mission out of 10 that Orbital will conduct as part of that contract.


That night, the Fellows attended Orbital ATK and United Launch Alliance’s pre-launch reception. At the dinner, the fellows met with Associate Administrator for Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs (and Gettysburg College alumnus) Seth Statler ‘83. Statler previously helped coordinate Eisenhower Institute programming when the Undergraduate Fellows focused on U.S. space policy in 2013. Undergraduate Fellow Sarah Roessler ‘16 stated, “We are incredibly thankful for the time and energy Seth put into this trip. It speaks volumes about the impact that one alumnus can have on current students.”

On Tuesday, March 22, the Fellows toured the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) and the Space Station Processing Facility. The last stop of the tour was the Kennedy Space Center where the Fellows had the opportunity to participate in a space shuttle launch simulator.  Undergraduate Fellow Eric Miller ’16 shared, “General Bolden reminded us that this was just a simulation, but to me it felt like so much more than that. I had always wanted to be an astronaut as a kid, and the simulation was the next best thing.” He continued, “I closed my eyes and waited for the moment when I would embark from earth and as the countdown struck zero, the simulator began to shake us uncontrollably, simulating the increased number of G's we faced as we blasted off into the night sky. My cheeks were pulled upward by the force and I realized that I couldn't stop smiling. I looked to the left and all the Fellows were also smiling. As this upright shaking phenomenon continued for a whole minute, the simulator gradually began slowly to tilt us more horizontal. Over the simulator intercom, I heard General Bolden say, ‘we are now leaving the Earth’s atmosphere.’  At this moment, we were tilted forward, our legs dangling weightlessly, simulating a zero gravity experience.”


Directly before the launch, the Fellows met with Robert D. Cabana, a former astronaut and the current Director of the Kennedy Space Center. During his time as an astronaut, Cabana was a part of four missions into space serving as pilot of STS-41 and STS-53 and mission commander of STS-65 and STS-88. He is a former Naval Flight Officer and Naval Aviator in the U.S. Marine Corps. Undergraduate Fellow Kara Fitzgerald ’16 discussed how it was interesting to learn how international relations and space policy intersect. “It was really cool to talk with Director Cabana about how the ISS transcends international conflict and almost becomes its own category of diplomacy,” stated Fitzgerald. 

After their meeting with Cabana, the Fellows went to watch the OA-6 Mission launch on the outside balcony at the top of a NASA administrative building, located across the street from the VAB. The launch took place at 11:05 p.m. EDT. “Seeing the launch was unlike any experience I have ever had and I am very grateful for this opportunity,” stated Roessler.


To view official information from NASA regarding this launch, click here.



Article written by Bethany Foxx ’16, a political science and international affairs double major and an Undergraduate Fellow at the Eisenhower Institute.

Thu, 05 May 2016 03:49:03 EDT
Congresswoman Kay Granger Brings her Expertise to Gettysburg http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=b2c6175d-5f15-4971-b452-053d200e02c9&pageTitle=Congresswoman+Kay+Granger+Brings+her+Expertise+to+Gettysburg http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=b2c6175d-5f15-4971-b452-053d200e02c9&pageTitle=Congresswoman+Kay+Granger+Brings+her+Expertise+to+Gettysburg            Congresswoman Kay Granger (R- TX) was the distinguished guest of the Eisenhower Institute for this year’s Blavatt lecture, meeting with students, enjoying dinner with faculty members and delivering a lecture for the entire Gettysburg community on the importance of diplomacy and its overlap with defense. This was the 17th Annual Blavatt Lecture, made possible by the Blavatt family.

            The Congresswoman met with the EI Undergraduate Fellows, as well as members of the Fielding Fellowship and EI’s Women in Leadership program prior to dinner.

            “I never planned to be in Congress at all, much less as long as I have,” Congresswoman Granger told this select group. “I got involved in local politics, and about a year later, I was the Mayor of Fort Worth.” 

            Following her conversation with the Eisenhower Institute’s brightest students and dinner with over eighty distinguished guests, the Congresswoman gave her presentation to those who joined her in the College Union’s Ballroom. She opened by praising the programs of Gettysburg College.

            “If I had gone to school here, I never would have left,” Congresswoman Granger said, lauding the remarkable programs and opportunities offered by the College.

            One of the primary points of her address was the importance of bipartisanship, and the disturbingly uncooperative direction that our government has taken.

            “My predecessor always worked across the aisle, and that was something I wanted to continue,” the Congresswoman said emphatically. “It’s important to start with what we agree on and then build from there.”

            “Her commitment to bi-partisanship was really inspiring,” said Sarah Roessler ’16, one the Eisenhower Institute’s Undergraduate Fellows. “In such a polarized period of governance in the United States, politicians like Congresswoman Granger are getting rarer.”

            The majority of the Congresswoman’s presentation was based on her experience on the House Defense Appropriations Subcommittee and as chairman of the State and Foreign Operations Appropriations Subcommittee. She recalled an experience that she had that has shaped her views and summarizes the shift that our foreign policy has taken.

            “I was meeting with Donald Rumsfeld in the Pentagon on the morning of September 11th,” she explained, her tone solemn. “I reflected later that day, and in the months after, and during that meeting, Iraq was not mentioned once. Afghanistan was not mentioned once. Terrorism was not mentioned once.”

            Soon after 9/11, Congresswoman Granger became the first woman to serve on the Defense Appropriations Subcommittee. However, she spent most of her time on Wednesday night talking about the work she has done as Chairman of the State and Foreign Operations Appropriations Subcommittee and how that experience has informed her unique understanding of National Security.

            She first spoke on soft power, like foreign aid, advocacy and other diplomatic endeavors. Soft power is what we use first; it is the basis of our diplomatic efforts. These efforts are educative, supportive and, above all, help facilitate exchanges between our country and others.

            “We have student and teacher exchanges,” she explained. “And the students that come back will never be the same.” The programs she discussed included the Sister Cities program, a legacy of President Eisenhower.

            “One of the greatest experiences of my time in Congress and my whole life was the chance to go to Iraq and meet with Iraqi women.” The newly established Iraqi Government had a significant quota for women in their new legislature. At the time, the Congresswoman did not realize the danger that this posed for the women who had chosen to serve in parliament.

            “I would have people leave notes for me that said ‘You don’t realize the danger you’re in. There are terrorists in this room’. We didn’t realize that just putting your name on a ballot, or even just meeting with someone like me, was putting your life in danger. These were the bravest women I ever knew.”

            After talking about the exchanges that she has tried so hard to facilitate, Congresswoman Granger then briefly addressed the concepts of hard power, which are the more public defense strategies, like sanctions and deployment of troops.

            “The military has been an agent of change, think about what our military has done for South Korea,” the Congresswoman said, talking about the work our military has done in cooperation with the South Korean military to hold back North Korean forces.

            “Direct military action is the last thing we do. All of the soft power has to come first.”

            The Congresswoman closed by taking questions, but the real highlight of her lecture came in a reminder to us, as U.S. citizens, that we still hold enormous weight in the changing world.

            “The United States is the most powerful country in the world. We have some problems that we need to address, but it doesn’t change the fact that we are powerful. We are also generous and giving.” 

Reporting was contributed by Chandler Robertson, a junior at Gettysburg College and a journalist on the Eisenhower Institute Campus Communications team.

Wed, 20 Apr 2016 04:40:06 EDT
Jackie Beckwith '16 makes connection at C-SPAN http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=13aa8356-bcc6-4b24-b229-f24865923ab2&pageTitle=Jackie+Beckwith+%2716+makes+connection+at+C-SPAN http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=13aa8356-bcc6-4b24-b229-f24865923ab2&pageTitle=Jackie+Beckwith+%2716+makes+connection+at+C-SPAN The power of the Gettysburg network

BeckwithThe summer before her junior year, Jacqueline Beckwith ’16 was looking for an internship. By then she’d already fully immersed herself in campus life but was looking for more professional experience. As a first-year, she completed the competitive Inside Politics course with Kasey Pipes from The Eisenhower Institute (EI) at Gettysburg College; by sophomore year she just about completed the course requirements for her music minor (she’s a saxophone player); and she studied abroad and had already interned with The Webster Group, led by Judge William Webster GP’14. Academically, Beckwith was equally accomplished—the Political Science major and Economics and Music double minor came to Gettysburg as a Lincoln scholar, a top distinction awarded to the most academically promising students.

Even with all this under her belt, Beckwith at first found it challenging to secure another internship.

“I applied to several and wasn’t hearing anything back,” she said. So she reached out to Jeffrey Blavatt, EI’s executive director, for some help—he is the person who’d connected her with her first internship with The Webster Group. “I thought I was selling out,” Beckwith joked. “I wanted to find something on my own merit, but Jeffrey advised that it’s about your network, not paper applications.”

Fast forward to today and Beckwith, now a senior, has not only been deeply involved in campus life, but has also completed three internships—one of which helped her make a connection with Steve Scully, a senior executive producer and political editor for the C-SPAN television network. And it all started with her reaching out to Blavatt.

“Jeffrey introduced me to William Gray, who works at Issue One now but used to work for C-SPAN and has been involved with The Eisenhower Institute for awhile,” she said. “I had a great interview over spring break and he connected me with a hiring manager. I was lucky to then be placed in Steve Scully’s department,” she said.

BeckwithThere, Beckwith was responsible for identifying and scheduling interviews for Scully’s daily radio show, Washington Journal. This routine helped her cultivate relationships with the journalists and elected officials who’d appear on the show. Beckwith’s standout assignment was helping to research questions for an in-depth interview with Hillary Clinton. “I watched every interview she’d ever done so we could be sure Steve was asking questions Clinton had never been asked before,” Beckwith said. She was thrilled when Scully picked one or two of the questions she’d suggested and used them verbatim.

Just this past summer, Beckwith was back in Washington D.C., interning for the office of Virginia Senator Tim Kaine (Beckwith is from Virginia)—an internship she also landed through a connection, this time through someone at C-SPAN. She decided to use the opportunity to keep in touch with Scully.

“I met up with him for lunch—internships at C-SPAN and other companies greatly increase your job offer chances, and it's pretty simple,” said Beckwith. “A future employer sees your talent, work ethic and potential growth. As a mentor, Steve Scully has opened new career paths for me, while also giving me the practical advice I need once I graduate from Gettysburg.”

Other than helping her to cultivate and tap into a professional network, Beckwith said her internship experiences have helped her apply her classroom knowledge and learn from real world experience.

“Everything we’re taught in the classroom is so important and underlies everything we do in the real world,” she said. “In Senator Kaine’s office, I wrote briefs. Working with Steve Scully, I learned how to digest the news and focus on what was most important and timely—to analyze what I’m reading. I see now how important that is in the real world. Internships really speed up the understanding process.”

One of Beckwith’s long-term goals is to run for elected office.

“When I worked in Senator Kaine’s office, one of my favorite things to do was take calls from constituents—some of their concerns felt so foreign from mine, even though we were from the same state,” she said. To start, Beckwith said she’d like to continue to learn more by first running for state office—her dream is to eventually hold national office.

In her last year at Gettysburg, Beckwith continues to participate in programming offered by The Eisenhower Institute. This year, she helped launch the new Fielding Center for Presidential Leadership Study as a Fielding Fellow.  She also helps lead the Social Entrepreneurship Initiative on campus, plays in a quartet, and works with Associate Prof. Paul Austerlitz of The Sunderman Conservatory of Music.

Read more about the power of the Gettysburg network.

Learn more about The Eisenhower Institute.

Learn more about The Sunderman Conservatory.

Thu, 05 May 2016 03:22:42 EDT
EI Staffer Discusses UK/EU Referendum http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=36fd2c63-31c4-4139-a635-cdb62ab494ca&pageTitle=EI+Staffer+Discusses+UK%2FEU+Referendum http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=36fd2c63-31c4-4139-a635-cdb62ab494ca&pageTitle=EI+Staffer+Discusses+UK%2FEU+Referendum Editor’s Note: EI Program Coordinator David Wemer ’14 is a Europe Fellow at Young Professionals in Foreign Policy and his second article for YPFP was recently picked up and published on The Huffington Post.

You may view the original article here.

Britain Ponders a Divorce: Six Storylines to Watch in the British EU Referendum

By David Wemer

British Prime Minister David Cameron has now announced a June 23rd date for a referendum on the United Kingdom’s membership in the European Union. A decades-long feud over Britain’s place in Europe now relies on a short five-month campaign between “Remain” and “Leave.” Here are six key storylines to watch:

David Cameron’s Tightrope Walk

Cameron stunned political observers when he turned what looked like a deadlocked general election into a landslide win for his Conservative Party in May 2015. His victory, however, was not due to winning seats from his traditional Labour Party rivals, but rather by simultaneously holding off the rising far-right UK Independence Party (UKIP) and taking seats from the center-right Liberal Democrats. Cameron’s decision to support the “Remain” campaign in this referendum can be viewed as an attempt to retain the support of the former Liberal Democratic voters, who historically have been very pro-Europe. Should Cameron and “Remain” be successful, however, it is likely that UKIP will set its sights solely on Cameron, especially if the margin is close. Cameron’s support of “Remain” has also exposed a huge fault line within the Conservative Party, where London Mayor Boris Johnson, Lord Chancellor Michael Gove, and 126 current Conservative Members of Parliament support “Leave.” Will Cameron be able to hold his party together, while also holding back UKIP and the Liberal Democrats? Less than a year after his most impressive electoral victory, is Cameron’s political career in danger?

The Scottish Question

There could be more than one Union at stake in this election. Scotland’s First Minister and Leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP) Nicola Sturgeon has already made it clear that the dramatic changes a “Brexit” would entail should trigger a second Scottish referendum on independence. Perhaps more worryingly for Cameron, Sturgeon has said she will not campaign alongside Cameron, her ideological and national nemesis, for a “Remain” vote. Despite large support for “Remain” in Scotland, Sturgeon’s absence on the campaign trail could lower turnout in an area where “Remain” needs to run up the score. Will Sturgeon really stay on the sidelines if Brexit is on track for victory? Will Scots turn out in force to keep the UK in Europe?

Will the Young Show Up?

Much attention was given to the inclusion of sixteen and seventeen year-olds in the 2014 Scottish referendum, and indeed the Labour party tried to include these voters in the EU referendum, only to have their efforts stopped by the House of Commons last December. The push made sense for the pro-European Labour party, as a recent poll found nearly seventy percent of 18-24 year-olds favor remaining in the EU, while only 34 percent of 65 or older voters agreed with them. However, the same poll predicted only 53 percent turnout among 18-24 year-olds. Compounding that problem, the June 23rd referendum date falls directly in the middle of theGlastonbury music festival, which draws more than 135,000, mostly young, people. Will young Britons show up in force to keep Britain in?

The Ibiza Threat

It is still unclear what specific issues the “Remain” campaign will focus on to make their case to the British people. Cameron’s deal from the European Union, which gained small concessions on welfare restrictions for migrants and a re-emphasis on member state sovereignty, is far too technical to serve as the main theme, especially compared to the emotion Eurosceptics attach to issues such as immigration and British exceptionalism. Most pro-European rhetoric has centered on the potential economic collapse triggered by leaving the European Union’s single market. Pro-European voices, however, have struggled to connect this imminent threat to the British economy in a way that resonates to voters. A theme that may be picked up instead: travel. Do you enjoy holidaying in Ibiza, Prague, or Nice? Expect airline prices to go up, mobile roaming charges to increase, and to have less spending money as the pound weakens due to Brexit. While these may seem like trivial issues, such small, tangible, and immediate changes demonstrate how Brexit could meaningfully impact Britons’ wallets almost overnight.

A Royal Secret Weapon

Queen Elizabeth II made an uncharacteristic foray into political dialogue last June when she warned against “division” in Europe and highlighted Britain’s’ “key part” in forming Europe’s post-war order. The Queen made highly publicized comments hinting at her desire for a “No” vote in the 2014 Scottish referendum, so it is not unimaginable that she could make a similar gesture against Brexit. Her action could prove decisive, as an emotional plea from the popular sovereign could take much of the sting out of the “Leave” campaign’s appeal to British independence and patriotism, and give “Remain” the push needed to get over the finish line.

No End in Sight

Despite all of the excitement, this may just be the first of several campaigns to rock Britain or Europe in the years to come. Should “Leave” prevail, a second Scottish referendum could be called and other EU nations could see referendums, as populist parties challenge a weakened Brussels. A “Remain” victory on the other hand, may only temporarily delay the Eurosceptic cause in Britain. The electoral choice is very clear, but the outcome for British, European, and indeed world politics may be far more uncertain.

David Wemer received an MA in European Union Politics from the London School of Economics and is the Washington D.C. Program Coordinator for the Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College. David is also a Europe Fellow at Young Professionals in Foreign Policy.


The Eisenhower Institute is a nonpartisan, non-profit, 501(c)3 organization. It is a private, tax exempt institution. All views, positions, and recommendations expressed in this article should be considered to be solely those of the author himself.

The Institute publishes a wide range of materials, including reports, press releases, e-newsletters, and many others. Permission to reproduce Institute materials needs to be obtained prior to re-publication. Permission is usually available upon personal request.

Wed, 13 Apr 2016 12:43:32 EDT
Fielding Fellows Visit U.S. State Department http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=202e7648-f404-4d26-bf73-50f3086c82a6&pageTitle=Fielding+Fellows+Visit+U.S.+State+Department http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=202e7648-f404-4d26-bf73-50f3086c82a6&pageTitle=Fielding+Fellows+Visit+U.S.+State+Department On March 18, 2016, Fellows from the Fielding Center for Presidential Leadership Study had the opportunity to travel with Dr. Shirley Anne Warshaw to the United States Department of State to meet Catherine Novelli, Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment at the U.S. Department of State. In this role, Novelli leads the State Department’s efforts to develop and implement economic growth, energy, oceans, environmental, and science and technology policies to promote economic prosperity and address global challenges in a transparent, rules-based, and sustainable system. In addition, Novelli serves as the U.S. Department of State’s Senior Coordinator for International Information Technology Diplomacy.

Each Fielding Fellow has a more focused area of interest within the Executive Branch, and the meeting allowed an opportunity to discuss different issue areas and have candid discussions with Under Secretary Novelli about topics ranging from drilling in the Arctic to free trade agreements and emerging technologies.

Jackie Beckwith ‘16 and Alexandra Moran ‘16 had conversations about the U.S. Department of State’s involvement in the changing landscape of the Arctic and how it will affect the United States and allies in the future. With global warming rapidly changing the environment in that region of the world, there are growing opportunities for defense and intelligence purposes. Additionally, there are growing interests in the region for energy-related business ventures.

Will Essigs ‘17 and Conor Barry ‘16 discussed the economy and free trade with the Under Secretary, but from very different points of view. Essigs, a business minor, learned about the difficulties of drafting free trade agreements with Europe and the Middle East and discovered the challenges of maintaining free trade with nations where agreements have been reached. Barry angled his questions about the economy from a security perspective and examined the South China Sea and how the militarization of the region could hurt the economies of Asia, as well as Europe and other western nations.

While the Fielding Fellows were at the State Department, they were able to share a lunch in the Secretary’s Dining Room with John Duncan P ‘17, Chief of Staff to Under Secretary Novelli. After a great lunch and additional meetings with Mr. Duncan and Ms. Novelli, the Fielding Fellows finished their trip with a tour of State Department’s Diplomatic Reception Rooms.

The Fielding Fellows and the Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College thank Mr. Duncan and Under Secretary Novelli for their time in helping the Fellows to learn more about the intersection of U.S. interests, diplomacy, and foreign policy and how they tie into the U.S. Presidency.

Article written by Conor Barry ’16, a political science major and a Fielding Fellow at the Eisenhower Institute.

Mon, 11 Apr 2016 07:07:15 EDT
Blavatt Lecture Preview: Kay Granger http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=1a1b66da-b2a2-4f7e-8064-1cff76475aa1&pageTitle=Blavatt+Lecture+Preview%3A+Kay+Granger http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=1a1b66da-b2a2-4f7e-8064-1cff76475aa1&pageTitle=Blavatt+Lecture+Preview%3A+Kay+Granger Congresswoman Kay Granger (TX-12) will deliver remarks entitled “From Diplomacy to Defense: Securing our Future” at the Eisenhower Institute’s 17th annual Blavatt Lecture, delving into the importance of the United States’ future foreign policy endeavors. The Congresswoman, who was elected to her first term in 1996, has had a long and illustrious career in politics since becoming the first Republican woman to earn a seat in the House of Representatives in Texas.

Granger never intended to accrue such a distinguished political resume. She was born in Greenville, Texas and raised in Fort Worth, and attended Texas Wesleyan University where she studied education. For many years she worked as a high school journalism and English teacher before opening her own insurance agency in 1978. Her first foray into the political arena was serving as a member of the Fort Worth Zoning Commission. From there she served as the first female Mayor of Fort Worth in 1991. Granger eventually ran for Congress and won, which has led to her present career path.

Upon arrival in the House of Representatives twenty years ago, Granger chose to tackle issues relating to global security as well as national defense, since becoming an eminent figure in the field. Always a strong supporter of the Armed forces, Granger has been a key player in pushing modernization programs, keeping the United States firmly atop the hierarchy of world powers. Granger served on the House Armed Services Committee and following 9/11, Granger and her fellow committee members were the team tasked with creating the Department of Homeland Security. Granger’s hard-work was recognized by former Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld, who presented her with the first Global War on Terrorism Coin.

Congresswoman Granger’s district in Texas serves as a hub for the Armed forces and the greater defense industry. The Naval Air Station Fort Worth – Joint Reserve Base as well as a variety of critical defense contractors, including Lockheed Martin Aeronautics and Bell Helicopter Textron, reside within her district. Granger has served as an advocate for Forth Worth Alliance Airport, the first industrial airport.

In Washington, Granger now serves as vice-chair of the Defense Appropriations Subcommittee and chair of the State and Foreign Operations Subcommittee. As a member of these subcommittees, Granger supervises national security programs abroad, including the Department of State.

Congresswoman Granger’s efforts are not only in defense. In 2014 Granger was chosen to lead the task force in charge of dealing with the more than 58,000 displaced children that flooded the U.S.-Mexico Border. Granger was crucial to the creation of a bi-partisan task force to fight the growing anti-Semitism around the world. Continuing her humanitarian efforts, Granger was named the U.S. Agency for International Development’s 2014 Champion in the Global Fight Against Tuberculosis and has played an integral role in Congress’s efforts to combat human trafficking around the globe. In 2014, Conservation International hailed Granger a Conservation Hero for her work to end the poaching of black rhinos and elephants.

Congresswoman Granger will deliver her presentation at 7:30 on Wednesday, March 23rd in the College Union Ballroom.

Reporting was contributed by Taylor Beck, a Junior at Gettysburg College and a journalist on the Eisenhower Institute Campus Communications team.

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 05:01:28 EDT
A Middle East Perspective: Civil War Memory in Syria and at Home http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=259937bd-5bf6-43ad-b88f-de1472313245&pageTitle=A+Middle+East+Perspective%3A+Civil+War+Memory+in+Syria+and+at+Home http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=259937bd-5bf6-43ad-b88f-de1472313245&pageTitle=A+Middle+East+Perspective%3A+Civil+War+Memory+in+Syria+and+at+Home Last summer, while on a trip with the Eisenhower Institute’s Inside the Middle East program, I stood at the Israeli edge of the Golan Heights and heard a bomb explode across the border in Syria. We had spent the day within several miles of the war-ravaged nation with all remaining quiet until that moment, and while none of us wanted to admit it, we had the smallest hope that we might catch a glimpse of the conflict. However, when the sound of the detonation roared across the hills, excitement was replaced by a sense of fear and grief. I had lived a year in Gettysburg, yet I had never felt so close to a battlefield.

The wall of an abandoned hospital on the Syrian-Israeli border. Photograph by the author.

The wall of an abandoned hospital on the Syrian-Israeli border. Photograph by the author.

Gazing from the Golan Heights across the Syrian border held a certain degree of spectatorship; though it is morbid to articulate, we were all waiting for something to happen, as if conflict were equivalent with entertainment. Though it may not be just to compare our experience with the picnicking politicians at First Bull Run, waiting around for excitement and glory then fleeing in a panic, I certainly felt an observer of war. Perhaps many of us were too desensitized by the commonality of violence in our omnipresent media outlets to be affected. None of us felt particularly unsafe or even frazzled; we were too far from the sound to gauge whether any damage had been inflicted, and even if we had we never would have seen it. Nonetheless, the day was spent feeling a little more wary.

This piece is to function as a comparison of the American Civil War with that of Syria  (granted, the war in Syria is no longer a civil war; it has become very much international, involving such powers as Hezbollah, Russia, Iran, the self-proclaimed Islamic State, the U.S., Turkey, and others). I aim to evaluate the memory and understanding of both conflicts as they relate to the concept of civil war, ethics, and mortality.

One of the most commonly uttered statements about the tragedy of the American Civil War is the concept of brother fighting brother. Soldiers of the same states, even of the same families, took up arms against one another; a classic example occurred at the Battle of Front Royal in the midst of Stonewall Jackson’s Valley Campaign, where the 1st Maryland C.S.A. directly engaged the Union’s 1st Maryland Volunteers. The tragedy of the internal strife was illustrated by the clear dichotomy of North and South.

The violence in Syria also involves a number of internal divisions and clashes, but what started as a civil war between rebel factions and a tyrannical government regime has been made complex by other factors and parties, namely the self-proclaimed Islamic State. In the same case as the United States 150-odd years ago, people of the same nation are committing atrocities against one another with the added complexities of war crimes, chemical weapons, and the ensuing refugee crisis, which turned Syria’s struggle international. While America faced secession, Syria faces tyranny from a murderous leader and his regime and a number of other powers. Avi Melamed, intelligence analyst and program leader for the Eisenhower Institute, describes warring powers as having a “mutual chokehold” in Syria, with civilians and refugees caught in the middle. The dividing lines in Syria are thus much less clear.

Here, our understanding of civil war diverges: in America we have conferences and TV shows on its causes and generals, and we pity those who lived through the disunion. The War is a means of reconciliation for America, for moral reparation accompanied so often by the phrase “never again” and by dramatic memoirs of masculinity and brotherhood. We create fiction and turn history into myth. The war in Syria is not one in which commanders will be remembered with honor or soldiers given marble gravestones. We will never remember it as a glorious tragedy, nor will we tour its battlefields. It is a truth universally unacknowledged because we do not understand its context as a civil war gone global.

The Civil War Trust estimates 620,000 soldiers–about 2% of the population–were killed over the course of the American Civil War, and historian James McPherson argues for 50,000 civilian deaths. Civilian lives were disrupted not only by battles but by raids by figures such as “Bloody Bill” Anderson and by William T. Sherman; rape, murder, destruction of property, and general upheaval were some of the consequences. The war in Syria, according to the BBC, has resulted in 250,000 deaths and 11 million displaced peoples, including many children. There are resounding implications: racism, xenophobia, a massive refugee crisis, Islamophobia. Civilian lives in the country and its surrounding areas are threatened every day. Women are being raped, sold, and abused by terrorists.

The war in Syria has a broad international scope and myriad complexities, yet it began, like our own, as an internal conflict of brother fighting brother; despite the differences, it is essential for Civil War historians to study and understand the ongoing conflict across the sea. We say “never again,” yet here is another example civil strife becoming a matter of international devastation and humanitarian grief. We interpret and analyze battle strategies and use era weapons out of interest, yet we forget the danger of forgetting.

My point, I suppose, is that we must use our knowledge and passion of our own Civil War to develop awareness and understanding that transcends the conflict alone and penetrates issues of race, religion, and refugees. Though the wars differ on some fronts, there are still common problems to be studied and (hopefully) resolved. The same message should be shared: our education must extend beyond our boundaries.

Article written by Annika Jensen, a junior at Gettysburg College and a CWI fellow at the Eisenhower Institute.

You may view the original article here.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 01:19:26 EDT
The Colder War: Panel discussion of energy policy in the Arctic http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=0c65e254-0f3a-4abe-b3ca-2f15c9757ac3&pageTitle=The+Colder+War%3A+Panel+discussion+of+energy+policy+in+the+Arctic http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=0c65e254-0f3a-4abe-b3ca-2f15c9757ac3&pageTitle=The+Colder+War%3A+Panel+discussion+of+energy+policy+in+the+Arctic Icy winds and frigid temperatures appropriately forecasted the Eisenhower Institute Undergraduate Fellows’ panel, titled “The Colder War: Arctic Energy Resources and Conflict.” On Tuesday, February 23, Connor Rose ’16 and Kara Fitzgerald ’16 presented the third in a series of expert panels on domestic and international energy policy. Students, faculty, and members of the community packed into Joseph Theater to learn from and engage with top professionals in energy diplomacy, environmental regulation, and Arctic scholarship.

Panelists included Victoria Hermann, President and Managing Director of the Arctic Institute, and Michael Farber, Senior Advisor to the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, Department of the Interior. The discussion was moderated by Dr. Sydney Kaufman, Foreign Affairs Officer for the Bureau of Energy Resources, Department of State.

Ms. Kaufman lead off the conversation, prompting the panelists with the topic of oil spills in arctic regions and how they should be handled in the future. Mr. Ferber pointed out that currently, the main focus of federal agencies is for prevention, but greater training of local officials to manage and clean an oil spill is needed. Ms. Hermann added that greater international cooperation is a necessity, as oil ships moving through the arctic cross through numerous borders and regions, making it difficult to pinpoint which national government should take primary responsibility for cleanup efforts.

Taking on the “Colder War” theme of the panel, Ms. Kaufman, the DOS lead on Arctic Energy Security Resources, posed the question of whether or not US and NATO allies have a strategic advantage over Russia moving forward. Ms. Hermann asserted that the United States has less infrastructure in the arctic than Russia, but this is due to heavy investment in the arctic by the Soviet Union in the 1970s. Today, Russia is flaring oil in the arctic, emitting high levels of black carbon, which melts snow and ice quicker. Mr. Faber explained that without regulations for the multi-national corporations that are extracting oil from these regions, it is difficult to take on the threat they pose to the environment. The panelists once again called for international cooperation in putting pressure on Russia to regulate extraction techniques.

On the issue of quality of life for people living in arctic regions, Ms. Kaufman brought up that better internet access (which is currently sparse) would help improve education, healthcare, and the integration of sustainable resources and alternative energy. Ms. Herman, whose expert opinion has been featured on CNN, BBC, NPR, among other major news outlets, stressed that improving education is the most important step in improving quality of life for arctic communities. By pushing high school graduation rates and encouraging young people to attend college (with the hopes of these individuals returning to their communities to take local jobs), a knowledge-based community and diversified economy could result. 

The panel concluded with an audience questions, the las of which focused on the greatest threat to the arctic region and the United States’ interest in it. Ms. Kaufman first pointed to climate change on a global scale, as the frozen poles of the globe are pivotal in stabilizing the global climate and weather patterns. Ms. Hermann pointed to climate change on a local level, focusing on the detrimental impact on arctic communities and the destruction of their way of life. Mr. Ferber concluded by stressing that United States citizens need to be made aware of the importance that the arctic plays in the international community. Neglecting the region, he stressed, could lead to catastrophic effects on the planet.

Reporting was contributed by Frank Arbogast, a Senior at Gettysburg College and a journalist on the Eisenhower Institute Campus Communications team.

Mon, 29 Feb 2016 05:12:36 EST
EIUF Panel: Power Play Changing the Landscape of American Energy Policy http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=04fceabb-9552-4f41-8b35-6cca4eccac2e&pageTitle=EIUF+Panel%3A+Power+Play+Changing+the+Landscape+of+American+Energy+Policy http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=04fceabb-9552-4f41-8b35-6cca4eccac2e&pageTitle=EIUF+Panel%3A+Power+Play+Changing+the+Landscape+of+American+Energy+Policy The Eisenhower Institute Undergraduate Fellows launched their first expert panel of the semester with an impressive group of panelists, an eager audience, and an important topic, which will serve to shape America’s future during this lifetime.  Undergraduate Fellows Eric Miller ’16 and Henry Klimowicz ’16 moderated this discussion, leading the audience through an examination of alternative clean energy sources, their reliability as a practical energy source, and their potential to diminish the world’s addiction to oil. The four panelists, Allyson Anderson Book, Eric Hass, Nicholas Loris and Mark Szybist, offered indispensable insight based on a range of experiences and a wealth of knowledge.   

From the perspective of Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement at the Department of the Interior, Mrs. Anderson Book focused on a theme of proactivity throughout the panel. She emphasized that energy and resources are not an entitlement, and every individual must be educated and willing to conserve, for the benefit of America’s future. 

 “As oil and other fossil fuels become increasingly volatile, the importance of finding reliable alternative sources is essential to the nation’s security,” said Gettysburg sophomore Albert Kuhel when asked about his thoughts regarding the topic and the panel at large. “The panelists provided great insight into the potential of renewable energy sources, covering a spectrum of viewpoints.” 

Mr. Hass, who works in the U.S. Department of Energy Geothermal Technologies Office, reflected upon his time pumping gas during the oil embargo, recalling that he knew then that he wanted to pursue energy policy.  He spoke extensively on the impact that clean energy can have and its impact of our decisions. He challenged the audience by asking if they knew the true source of the energy the powered the light switches in their homes.   

As can be expected during campaign season, the 2016 Presidential race became a part of the discussion, particularly the position of the frontrunners on energy policy. Unfortunately, according to the panelists, the candidates have simply neglected to put forward an energy policy plan, focusing on other issues.  This spoke to a major point of discussion—educating the young for the future of American energy.   

Other issues will be faced as the country braces for a new president, Mr. Loris, an economist from the Heritage Foundation argued. He discussed sluggishness and a potential lack of bipartisanship on this topic as well as the temptation for one party to undo (or increase) regulations established by the other party. 

 “The discussion regarding the 2016 election and energy provided an entirely new lens in which to view the candidates,” said Gettysburg junior Taylor Beck. “It really made you think that if this country wants to continue to be a powerful player in geopolitics then the U.S. must change the type of energy it produces and consumes.”  

The power of the executive branch in addressing energy policy followed the topic of 2016 candidates.  

Mr. Loris noted the accomplishments of the Obama administration, despite the road blocks presented by divided government. Another moment that resonated with the audience came when Mrs. Anderson Book, drawing from her experience in the Senate, reminded the audience of their influence over their government. She talked about the power energy policy has at a grassroots level.   

Due to his focus on the implementation of the Clean Power Plan, Mr. Szybist, from the National Resources Defense Council, was a key panelist in addressing the reduction of methane emissions from oil and gas production activities.  As an attorney who advocates for clean energy in Pennsylvania, Mr. Szybist spoke extensively about energy policy in Pennsylvania, highlighting the huge role that energy production plays in the state.   

As for what the individual can do, all the panelists agreed on the importance of energy efficiency in the home, in the car, and at practically every moment of the day.   

Please join the Undergraduate Fellows on Tuesday, February 23rd and on Tuesday, March 22nd for upcoming expert panels to learn more about domestic and international energy policy. 


Reporting was contributed by Lynn Hatcher, a junior at Gettysburg College and a journalist on the Eisenhower Institute Campus Communications team. 


Sat, 27 Feb 2016 09:59:38 EST
EI Provides Opportunity for High School Students with the Government Leadership Camp http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=3fb7fd8e-7b7f-4e9a-ae39-c866f1a0969e&pageTitle=EI+Provides+Opportunity+for+High+School+Students+with+the+Government+Leadership+Camp http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=3fb7fd8e-7b7f-4e9a-ae39-c866f1a0969e&pageTitle=EI+Provides+Opportunity+for+High+School+Students+with+the+Government+Leadership+Camp The Government Leadership Camp at Gettysburg College was a great experience, to say the least. As a rising senior in high school who would soon be applying to college, this program provided me with an opportunity to live on a college campus for a week and experience college life. I lived with my fellow campers from across the country, and I made many friends with whom I still talk to today.

Professor Ernst put together a great program composed of highly motivated students from across the country whoshare an  interest in studying political science at our beautiful campus in historic Gettysburg. Gettysburg College was one of my top schools, and there is no doubt in my mind that my involvement so early with the Eisenhower Institute had an influence on my acceptance as well as my financial aid award.  The Eisenhower Institute is an organization unique to Gettysburg College that does great things for its students. My involvement in the camp allowed me to become further involved in the organization that honors President Eisenhower's legacy on campus. 

by Liam Kerr '19

Editor's Note: Liam has joined the EI staff this spring as an Office Assistant.

Do you know a high school student that you'd like to recommend for Government Leadership Camp? Do you know some high school faculty that would be interested in sharing this program with their students? Please direct them to the Government Leadership Camp webpage and refer them to us if they have additional questions! Space is limited, so please act quickly!

Thu, 25 Feb 2016 03:30:20 EST
EI Staff in YPFP and in the News http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=ec911e9f-992f-4245-ab12-daee3acbc302&pageTitle=EI+Staff+in+YPFP+and+in+the+News http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=ec911e9f-992f-4245-ab12-daee3acbc302&pageTitle=EI+Staff+in+YPFP+and+in+the+News Editor’s Note: EI Program Coordinator David Wemer ’14 is a Europe Fellow at Young Professionals in Foreign Policy and his first article for YPFP was recently picked up and published on The Huffington Post.




Trust, But Verify: Why the European Union Should Show Restraint With Poland

By David Wemer

2015 was a year of crises in Europe: Greece, the refugee influx, and potential Brexit to name only a few. The end of the year saw a further challenge emerge, as Poland's new government, led by the Law and Justice (PiS) party, implemented an anti-democratic program of court-packing and media control, which for many echoed the political tactics of the Soviet era. PiS's actions led the European Union to launch a "preliminary assessment" on January 13th 2016 into Poland's adherence to the "rule of law" requirement for EU membership. This assessment, which has already seen Polish Prime Minister Beata Szydlo field questions from the European Parliament, could in theory result in a member state vote on the suspension of Poland's EU voting rights.

The European Union's response is unprecedented. Anti-democratic developments in member states, such as the electoral win of the xenophobic Austrian Freedom Party in 2000 or the media control laws of the current government of Viktor Orban in Hungary, never received the level of scrutiny Poland now faces. The symbolic importance of Poland as one of the most successful cases of post-Cold War democratic transition, as well as Poland's political importance as a "bridge" between the core EU states and more skeptical members such as the United Kingdom, has led many to call for the European Union or even the United States to crack down. Officials in Brussels worry that without a strong show of force against the actions of PiS, Poland and other eastern EU members risk reversing the many gains democracy has made in the region in the last twenty-five years.

In this atmosphere of crisis, however, EU officials would be better served by showing restraint, rather than initiating a potentially damaging conflict with Poland. Make no mistake: the actions of PiS are concerning, especially those that seek to control independent media. These actions, however, must be taken in the larger context of Poland's ongoing democratic transition. PiS politicians have argued (with some justification) that their actions are not dissimilar to what the previous party, Civic Platform, did in their eight years of power. Indeed, the attempt by Civic Platform to appoint five new judges in the waning hours of its government can be viewed just as cynically as PiS's attempts to pack the courts with its own judges.

Poland's democracy only recently turned a quarter-century old. The West's belief that the transition from communism would be seamlessly achieved through political and economic integration has proven naïve at best. EU membership has not turned Poland or any of the new member states into perfectly consolidated democracies, and political corruption, censorship, and minority rights will continue to be issues for years to come. There are positive signs, however, as PiS's approval ratings have dipped and opposition protests have taken place without retaliation from government authorities. In fact, the Constitutional Court has recently put forth a potential compromise solution, which would allow for the new PiS appointed judges to take their seats once the terms of three existing judges expire in the next 18 months.

The European Union should allow Poland the breathing room needed to put democracy back on track on its own. Indeed, the European Union has already done its part, demonstrating that Poland's European neighbors would not hesitate to criticize what they see as serious democratic backsliding. The mild-tempered debate in the European Parliament with Prime Minister Szydlo was appropriately civil and should serve as a model going forward.

What should be avoided is an effort to "send a message" to PiS and other Euroskeptic or populist parties in Europe who may approve of PiS's actions. The last thing the European Union should do is give more ammunition to the growing voices across the Continent who see Brussels as exerting too much control and violating member state sovereignty. The image of foreign MEPs interrogating Prime Minister Szydlo should have sent shivers down the spine of David Cameron and others who could see a punishment of Poland as the first step in the European Union's takeover of domestic policies. To push too hard here would not only ostracize Poland, but also embolden those hoping to reverse the last sixty years of integration in Europe.

Perhaps Ronald Reagan's favorite Cold War proverb "trust but verify" is the best prescription. The path for compromise in Warsaw is open, and European officials must trust that Polish democracy will self-correct, while at the same time keeping a close eye on the situation to make sure democratic backsliding does not continue. The European Union has already demonstrated that it will not ignore threats to democracy within its member states, but in its reaction it must be careful not to add further fuel to the Euroskeptic fire already spreading throughout the Continent.

David Wemer received an MA in European Union Politics from the London School of Economics and is the Washington D.C. Program Coordinator for the Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College. David is also a Europe Fellow at Young Professionals in Foreign Policy.


The Eisenhower Institute is a nonpartisan, non-profit, 501(c)3 organization. It is a private, tax exempt institution. All views, positions, and recommendations expressed in this article should be considered to be solely those of the author himself.

The Institute publishes a wide range of materials, including reports, press releases, e-newsletters, and many others. Permission to reproduce Institute materials needs to be obtained prior to re-publication. Permission is usually available upon personal request.

Wed, 17 Feb 2016 04:15:39 EST
2016 Jennings Randolph International Fellows announced by EI and the APWA http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=568c883b-f0da-48ef-9f37-d073a07b60bc&pageTitle=2016+Jennings+Randolph+International+Fellows+announced+by+EI+and+the+APWA http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=568c883b-f0da-48ef-9f37-d073a07b60bc&pageTitle=2016+Jennings+Randolph+International+Fellows+announced+by+EI+and+the+APWA

KANSAS CITY, MO. – The American Public Works Association (APWA), in association with the Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College (EI), announced today the 2016 Jennings Randolph International Fellows. The APWA Jennings Randolph International Fellows are accomplished public works professionals who have studied public works topics and projects internationally in association with APWA’s international partner organizations. APWA’s Jennings Randolph International Fellowship Program is a unique international study and professional exchange opportunity that promotes collaboration and sharing of public works best practices, knowledge, and innovation, both internationally and with public works colleagues in North America.

Chosen from a field of 18 applicants, the two 2016 APWA Jennings Randolph International Fellows will conduct public works study tours and make presentations at international partner associations’ annual membership meetings in Auckland, New Zealand and in Malmo¨, Sweden.

The APWA 2016 Jennings Randolph International Fellows include:

Bruce Kaplan, AICP, CTP, Manager, Transportation Systems Analysis Group, Central Transportation Planning Staff, Boston, MA

Kaplan will study the waterfront redevelopment experience of Auckland, New Zealand, specifically concerning its central rail terminal, the Britomart Transport Centre, to compare and contrast the waterfront renaissances in Boston and Auckland. He will make presentations at the Institute of Municipal Public Works Engineering (IPWEA) New Zealand Conference in June, 2016. He plans to meet with involved local agencies, such as the Auckland Council and Auckland Transport (MAXX), the contracted commuter rail operator (Transdev Auckland), national agencies such as the New Zealand Transport Agency and KiwiRail, as well as members of the P3 Consortium responsible for Britomart Transport’s management, maintenance and operation. In addition, he hopes to meet with Waterfront Auckland, the Council’s organization managing the waterfront redevelopment and Waterfront Plan. 

His goals for this study tour, in addition to the presentation and attendance at the IPWEA NZ Conference, are to acquire new perspectives, lessons learned, guidance, and knowledge about waterfront and rail terminal redevelopment to become better equipped to ensure the success of the South Station Expansion, a landmark public works project, in which he is involved, that will ultimately benefit not only Boston, New England and the Northeast, but all of North America.

Kaplan, a certified transportation planner (AICP CTP), has been involved in Massachusetts transportation planning since 1999. In his current position as the Transportation Systems Analysis Group Manager for the Central Transportation Planning Staff to the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization, he oversees a 6-person team involved in FTA New Starts studies, alternative analyses, transit studies, highway studies, transit-oriented development studies, and other planning and policy work for various Massachusetts agencies and communities.

Matt Rodrigues, P.E., ENV SP, Principal Engineer, Public Works Engineering, City of Eugene, OR

Rodrigues will conduct a public works study tour in Malmo¨, Sweden relating to Sweden’s implementation of the Vision Zero Initiative to eliminate transportation related fatalities and serious injuries. He will make a presentation at the Swedish Association of Municipal Engineers (SKT) Annual Conference in September, 2016. In addition, Rodrigues will extend his study tour to Copenhagen, Denmark to learn about Denmark’s Road Safety Action Plan, which is similar in goals and successes to Sweden’s Vision Zero Initiative.

Rodrigues’ study will highlight the topic of transportation safety, which is relevant to Eugene’s recent action to adopt a Vision Zero resolution in 2015, and other municipalities in the U.S. who are striving to adopt safe and accessible multi- modal transportation systems that provide attractive alternatives to single vehicle auto trips. The Vision Zero initiative is an acknowledgement that no transportation related loss of life is acceptable, and is a long term commitment to reducing fatalities and serious injuries, which the City of Eugene plans to focus on with efforts to provide a safe, efficient and effective, multi-modal transportation system within the region.

Rodrigues is a Civil Engineer and an Envision® Sustainability Professional (ENV SP) who has expertise in sustainable infrastructure design and construction. As Eugene’s Principal Civil Engineer, he manages a 17-member capital project management team delivering pavement preservation, pedestrian and bicycle, traffic signal and street lighting, parks and natural spaces, stormwater, wastewater conveyance and airport development projects. His work focuses on public works working with planning and development in the city’s comprehensive plan, the Climate Recovery Ordinance internal implementation team representing public works, the ADA Transition Plan for Public Rights-of-Way, and the Technical Review Committee for the city’s Transportation System Plan Update. He also is the lead drafter of the city’s Emergency Debris Management Plan. 

Wed, 10 Feb 2016 09:20:38 EST
Roberts Fellows Symposium http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=cbdd469f-edf8-4823-8454-10b1b59708fa&pageTitle=Roberts+Fellows+Symposium http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=cbdd469f-edf8-4823-8454-10b1b59708fa&pageTitle=Roberts+Fellows+Symposium During the lunch hour in the Pennsylvania Hall Lyceum on Wednesday, February 3, 2016, the Roberts Fellows presented their current research for their Ph.D. theses to students and faculty at Gettysburg College.  The Eisenhower/Roberts Fellowship is awarded by the Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College annually to students in an advanced stage of their doctoral candidacies, with a focus on candidates pursuing topics on the role of government in a free society, citizen public service, public policy, and improved understanding of America’s role in world affairs.  Details regarding their riveting research topics were supplemented by discussion about post-graduate opportunities.

Roberts Fellows Diane Alexander, Simon Miles, Michael Poznansky and Andrew Taffer from Princeton University, the University of Texas at Austin, the University of Virginia, and Tufts Univserity, accordingly, were all incredibly enthusiastic panelists.  As Jeffrey Lauck, a sophomore at Gettysburg College, stated, “The Roberts Fellows Symposium was a great opportunity for students and faculty to get a taste of select post-graduate research projects.”  These projects ranged from the economics of heath, health care, and health care reform in the U.S., to U.S.-Soviet relations from 1980 to 1985, to secrecy and covert action as a tool for foreign policy, and finally, to the evolution of the maritime disputes in the South and East China seas. “It was informative learning from these four graduate school students who had been through the rigors of academia,” said junior Will Essigs.

The audience was eager to learn about what early on in their undergraduate life inspired them to research such invigorating projects.  As Ph.D. candidates in the height of their dissertation research, their advice was incredibly useful for undergraduate students.  Upon deciding which path to pursue, Simon Miles repeatedly stated, “Go where your interests and comparative advantage intersect, and find a space there.”  Similar to this, Diane Alexander stressed the importance of experience, saying, “It’s helpful to understand what you’re getting into.”  Key to his graduate experience, Michael Poznansky told students, was “Surrounding myself with advisors who are both harsh critics and supporters.”  Finally, Andrew Taffer proudly said, “I feel genuinely lucky to pursue a passion of mine,” and this statement is fundamental to the sentiment expressed in this symposium.

Reporting was contributed by Lynn Hatcher, a Junior at Gettysburg College and a journalist on the Eisenhower Institute Campus Communications team.

Tue, 09 Feb 2016 08:28:24 EST
SALTT Students Delve into the Origins of D-Day in January Sessions http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=c523e5ff-8099-4fc2-a2e8-f76089ed389c&pageTitle=SALTT+Students+Delve+into+the+Origins+of+D-Day+in+January+Sessions http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=c523e5ff-8099-4fc2-a2e8-f76089ed389c&pageTitle=SALTT+Students+Delve+into+the+Origins+of+D-Day+in+January+Sessions Throughout the year, the students of the Eisenhower Institute’s Strategy and Leadership in Transformational Times (SALTT) program have been studying the D-Day Normandy invasion under the direction of Susan Eisenhower. From January 13-16, these students had a chance to travel to the Army Heritage and Education Center (AHEC) in Carlisle, Pennsylvania and the National Defense University (NDU) in Washington, D.C.

At AHEC, students got a chance to see original planning documents for the Normandy invasion. Upon arrival, the participants received a tour of the facilities by US Army Colonel  (ret.) Leonard Fullenkamp, Professor of Military History and Strategy at the U.S Army War College, who will also be joining the SALTT group during their trip to Normandy in March. After the tour of AHEC, the students were welcomed into AHEC’s Special Collections Reading Room where the archivists gave students access to original plans and aerial surveillance photos from the D-Day operation. Many of the documents were emblazoned across their covers with “BIGOT”; meaning they received a classification above the typical “Top Secret.”

The four-day session also featured a trip to the National Defense University (NDU) in Washington D.C., where the students toured the grounds of the university and were given access to NDU’s Special Collections Library. The participants were able to thumb through an original copy of the COSSAC plan (Chief of Staff to the Supreme Allied Commander), which was the operation plan of Operation Neptune, the amphibious assault of the Normandy coast. The COSSAC plan and other Normandy planning documents gave students an appreciation for the extraordinary efforts that went into planning and executing a plan as complicated as the D-Day operation.

Perhaps the most memorable moment of the trip was when the group met with Lt. General (ret.) Richard G. Trefry, former Inspector General of the United States Army and member of the weather team in Greenland before, during, and after the invasion of Normandy. General Trefry and his wife invited the participants into their home for an intimate conversation regarding his involvement in D-Day. Throughout his time in Greenland, General Trefry was tasked with maintaining the weather balloons that gave General Eisenhower and his colleagues vital weather readings. He explained the location of the different weather stations throughout Greenland and how incredibly integral these were for determining the launch date of the invasion, again reminding each participant of the intricacies of such a massive plan. “General Trefry [is] one of the most devoted men I’ve had the pleasure of meeting,” said John Hacking ’16. “It was incredible to have the opportunity to speak with and get to know a man that had a hand in so much American history.”

The winter break sessions served as key preparation for the program’s trip to Normandy in March. While on the trip, the students will be able to see the beaches firsthand and have the chance to truly understand the integral role that strategy and leadership played in this historic operation.

Reporting was contributed by Taylor Beck, a Junior at Gettysburg College and a journalist on the Eisenhower Institute Campus Communications team.

Thu, 11 Feb 2016 07:34:25 EST
Ann Moran P'16 reflects on her daughter’s journey through Gettysburg College http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=84f89d12-a989-4cfb-a586-e7eeae419651&pageTitle=Ann+Moran+P%2716+reflects+on+her+daughter%E2%80%99s+journey+through+Gettysburg+College http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=84f89d12-a989-4cfb-a586-e7eeae419651&pageTitle=Ann+Moran+P%2716+reflects+on+her+daughter%E2%80%99s+journey+through+Gettysburg+College Nearly four years ago, we began our Gettysburg experience with the typical campus visit and follow-up admissions interview. To our good fortune, our daughter, Alexandra, was accepted as a member of the class of 2016. From that point on, the ordinary college experience became extraordinary.

When registering for classes for the first time, Alexandra was terribly disappointed to learn her top choice for a first-year seminar—“The Bush Administration: A Post 9/11 Response to Counter Terrorism Policies” taught by Prof. Shirley Anne Warshaw— was already filled to capacity. However, several days later, a fellow freshman posted that one seat had become available. This Political Science class, along with the mentorship of Prof. Warshaw, is what would ignite Alexandra’s passion for the field and guide her entire college career.

Soon she was involved with the Eisenhower Institute as a participant in “Inside Politics,” mentored by Mr. Kasey Pipes— biographer, historian, and speechwriter for President George W. Bush and others. This semester-long experience allowed Alexandra to meet and learn with top field experts and elected officials associated with her specific branch of study. At this point, my husband and I realized we had lost our daughter to Washington, D.C., and its political scene forever.

During her sophomore year, Alexandra traveled to both West Point and the Naval Academy for the SCUSA and NAFAC conferences respectively. Both conferences, highlighting the unique dynamic and interaction between civilian and military participants, explored challenging foreign policy issues and scenarios. Also in her second year, Alexandra took part in an independent study course and penned a forty-plus page narrative on US-Iran relations. This paper, a three-year endeavor, culminated in her participation in a program offered through the Center for the Study of the Presidency and the Congress in Washington, D.C.

As a prospective student back in 2012, Alexandra was confidently told that  “Gettysburg is majorly connected on the Hill.” She certainly found this to be true during her participation in Gettysburg College’s Washington Semester Program at American University. In addition to her classwork, Alexandra interned at the Federalist Society and learned daily that Gettysburgians do truly have a dominating presence in D.C. Another internship at the Republican National Committee furthered this understanding. She met alumni on the metro, at think tank sponsored policy debates, and while exploring the Capitol mall.  Similarly, she continued to run into students met at previous conferences and symposiums. This “circle of people,” all dedicated to their studies and careers, continues to resurface time and time again.

As parents, my husband John and I are absolutely thrilled with the exceptional educational experience provided by Gettysburg College. Certainly, Alexandra has worked diligently, but we realize the opportunities made available to her have been truly extraordinary. We recently witnessed Alexandra speak at the Metropolitan Club in Washington D.C. during a celebration honoring Mr. Fred Fielding and the launch of the Fielding Center for Presidential Leadership Study. We marveled as she calmly delivered her words with confidence and polish in a room filled with over 150 people. Later, when we conveyed our pride and amazement with her public speaking abilities, she simply said, “These are my people, I feel at home here.”

So now, as her senior year is reaching its end, and as we wait for Alexandra to cross through Penn Hall leaving the trusted tutelage of Gettysburg College’s fine faculty and staff, we are secure in the knowledge that she received an extraordinary education. She is prepared and excited and so very eager to put all her preparations into action. We know that as Alexandra pursues her career interests and dreams, she will always think of Gettysburg with pride and gratitude in her heart. As parents, we will, too. Our Gettysburg Class of 2016 flag, purchased on Alexandra's accepted students day, will proudly fly at our home for years to come!

Mon, 11 Jan 2016 04:06:38 EST
Inside Politics Symposium http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=5d9d8dfe-157f-4f29-ad8f-d4e885d3a430&pageTitle=Inside+Politics+Symposium http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=5d9d8dfe-157f-4f29-ad8f-d4e885d3a430&pageTitle=Inside+Politics+Symposium The Eisenhower Institute's Inside Politics program, a semester-long mentoring experience, welcomed a class of fifteen Gettysburg College students from diverse academic disciplines during Fall 2015. The Inside Politics program is led by Expert-in-Residence Kasey Pipes, a journalist, speechwriter, presidential historian, and the Eisenhower Institute’s Norris Fellow of Public Policy. A biographer and historian, Pipes has focused on President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s life and legacy over the course of his career.  Pipes uses Eisenhower's legacy to develop relationships with Inside Politics participants during discussions on leadership and communication.

During their trip to Washington, D.C. in October,  the Inside Politics program met with a multitude of public servants and policymakers, including lobbyists, Congressional staffers, and journalists.  Students had the opportunity to speak with experts in a variety of politically-oriented fields. Participants enjoyed engaging dinners with DC-based Gettysburg alumni, including Will Kinzel ‘96, Jamie Fleet ‘02, and Ryan Woodward ‘12. Alumni offered helpful networking and career advice - Anna Lusthoff '10, Deputy Director of Strategic Communications at the Chertoff Group, told participants to "own who you are" when pursuing a future career path. Jack Howard '79, Senior Vice President of Congressional and Public Affairs at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, emphasized the importance of integrity and humility, saying "To be successful, people must have a strong sense of themselves but also must not take themselves too seriously. Be a javelin catcher, not a javelin thrower.”

A visit to C-SPAN studios gave students a chance to discuss the upcoming presidential election with Steve Scully, the network's Senior Executive Producer and Political Editor. Scully spoke with Inside Politics participants about campaign strategy, stressing the importance of branding along with the right message, money, and organization, particularly at the grassroots level. Of campaigns, Scully's advise to potential future candidates is to “Run on who you are and let chips fall as they may.”

Over the course of three action-packed days, students had an "all-access pass" to the inner workings of Washington. Stewart Barber, Director of Federal Affairs at Corely Consulting, urged participants interested in working on Capitol Hill to embrace a hectic schedule, saying “The Hill is a culture; you get in early, you leave late, and you go out together.  You work as a team." Mark Salter, former top advisor to Senator John McCain, told students to be flexible, saying “Useful is the first step to becoming indispensable.  Be visible and ready for it.  Much of life is accidental.”

Pipes’ Inside Politics team met with over thirty political experts throughout the course of the semester. The program culminated in a symposium attended by Gettysburg College students, faculty, and family members, where participants presented on key findings from their research projects. At the beginning of the semester, each student chose an area of public policy to research, and crafted an executive memo that outlined their findings and recommendations. Participants consulted with experts they had met with in Washington to complete their projects after their return to campus. The Eisenhower Institute's Inside Politics program connects students to influential and experienced people who can expand their horizons, not only at Gettysburg  College, but far beyond into their future careers. 

Reporting was contributed by Lynn Hatcher, a Junior at Gettysburg College and a journalist on the Eisenhower Institute Campus Communications team.

Tue, 08 Dec 2015 05:05:26 EST
Eisenhower Institute Students Represent Gettysburg College at SCUSA http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=d6d27daf-8292-44f5-9e6d-b04c3402c412&pageTitle=Eisenhower+Institute+Students+Represent+Gettysburg+College+at+SCUSA http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=d6d27daf-8292-44f5-9e6d-b04c3402c412&pageTitle=Eisenhower+Institute+Students+Represent+Gettysburg+College+at+SCUSA On Wednesday, November 4, 2015, a three-person delegation of Gettysburg College students arrived at the United States Military Academy at West Point for the 67th annual Student Conference on U.S. Affairs (SCUSA). Kara Fitzgerald, Dan Cummings, and Jackie Beckwith represented Gettysburg College while working with over 280 other students from 124 schools and 26 countries.

West Point, located in the bluffs overlooking the Hudson River in upstate New York, is home to the United States Corps of Cadets. West Point is perhaps best known for its culture of strict discipline and high scholastic standards, as well as its famous classic architecture nestled within the stunning landscape. 

Jackie Beckwith reflected on her initial reflections on West Point, saying, “It was evident from the start of the trip how capable and intelligent the cadets are; West Point not only excels as a military institution but also as a place of leadership and scholarship. The respect, consideration and kindness we were shown throughout the conference was only topped by the many informed and open discussions about current events that were had both within and outside the confines of the conference.”

At SCUSA, cadets and civilians work side by side to bring different perspectives to a host of pressing foreign and public policy issues currently facing the United States. Conference participants are assigned to a specific topic, and each issue is addressed via multiple “round table discussions” featuring two policy experts, one cadet leader, and a mixture of undergraduate and graduate students from around the world. After participating in multiple discussions throughout the conference, each group produces a comprehensive brief regarding potential strategic U.S. responses to their assigned problem. In addition to almost nonstop conversations, students are immersed in West Point culture by eating in the mess hall, sleeping in the barracks, and are held to many of the same rules and restrictions as the cadets during their stay.

This year, the Gettysburg College delegation was involved in round table topics including “Democratization,” “Civil-Military Relations” and “Europe.” In reflecting on her round table experience, Kara Fitzgerald  concluded that “It was so amazing to hear the perspectives of students from colleges and universities across the nation regarding the democratization process in pivotal countries such as Tunisia, Egypt and Turkey. We produced a policy paper advising the promotion of democracy by the U.S. in tandem and interwoven with the promotion of equality, and I can only hope that the greater understanding of West Point and democratization, lasting friendships, and valuable networking connections I took away from the conference will result in better global governance down the road.”

Each night of the conference concluded with a panel of guest speakers addressing this year’s conference theme of “Confronting Inequality: Wealth, Rights and Power.” The first panel featured Lieutenant General H. R. McMaster, U.S. Agency for International Development Economic Advisor Wade Channell, professor and biologist Dr. Jerry Melillo, United Nations Population Fund Senior Advisor Dr. Azza Karam and professor of sociology Dr. Pamela Paxton. This year’s keynote address was delivered by former Secretary of State Madeline Albright, who served under President Bill Clinton from 1997 to 2001 and was a key player in many international crises. 

The conference concluded with a short presentation in Eisenhower Hall featuring the briefs that each round table constructed.  As stated by Dan Cummings '17, “Each table produced informative briefs from just four days of work. It was inspiring to see how students from all over the world worked together to solve pressing foreign policy questions while also sharing their life experiences and listening to others.”

Honoring the legacy of Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Eisenhower Institute is a distinguished center for leadership and public policy that prepares the successor generations to perfect the promise of the nation. A distinctive program of Gettysburg College with offices in the heart of the nation's capital and in the historic Gettysburg home once occupied by Dwight and Mamie Eisenhower, the Institute combines top-level dialogue among policy-makers with a premier learning experience for undergraduates.


Reporting was contributed by Jacqueline Beckwith and Audrey Bowler, Seniors at Gettysburg College.

Mon, 30 Nov 2015 07:54:03 EST